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    #1

    and

    Is there a reason why the author used an "and" between "governed by" and "construed"? It doesn't seem to be necessary.

    "This contract shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the law of England, excluding its conflict of law rules."

    Thanks!

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    #2

    Re: and

    Quote Originally Posted by Jasmin165 View Post
    Is there a reason why the author used an "and" between "governed by" and "construed"? It doesn't seem to be necessary. It absolutely is necessary because of "by". If "by" weren't necessary, the first "and' could be replaced by a comma.

    "This contract shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the law of England, excluding its conflict of law rules."

    Thanks!
    2006

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    #3

    Re: and

    Quote Originally Posted by 2006 View Post
    2006
    Thank you for your reply.

    You might find the following link interesting: The Grammarphobia Blog Blog Archive Theirs not to reason why

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    #4

    Re: and

    2006

    does it mean that we never use a comma after a preposition?

    Thanks

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    #5

    Re: and

    Quote Originally Posted by e2e4 View Post
    2006

    does it mean that we never use a comma after a preposition? No, it doesn't.
    We don't know what it will be governed by, who it will be implemented by, or who it will be arbitrated by.

    Thanks
    2006

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