Student or Learner
what is the difference between past simple &past perfect.
· We use past perfect when we look back from a certain time in the past to tell what had happened before. Here the past perfect is used with certain signal words like: already, up to then, before that day and after
Examples: Before her sixth birthday, Jane had never been to the zoo.
· We have to use the past perfect in reporting a statement in the present perfect, thus:
Direct: He says “he has sent an e-mail”
Reported: He said that he had sent an e-mail.
· We also use past perfect when there are two past events in the same statement.
How ever please note that "After" is only used as a signal word for Past Perfect if it is followed by a subject + verb, meaning that one action had been completed before another action began (the new action is in Simple Past),as:
After I had sent an email to my friend yesterday, I received a reply from him soon after.
After the family had had breakfast, they went to the zoo.
Last edited by sarat_106; 05-Nov-2010 at 07:41.