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    #1

    past perfect

    what is the difference between past simple &past perfect.
    with regardsssss...............

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    #2

    Wink Re: past perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by miss mary View Post
    what is the difference between past simple &past perfect.
    with regardsssss...............
    After I had bought a biscuit, I ate it.

    OR:

    I had bought a biscuit before I ate it.

    Past perfect (describes an action happened before another one)
    past simple ( describs actions ended in the past)

    I hope I could help you.

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    #3

    Exclamation Re: past perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by fadysandy View Post
    After I had bought a biscuit, I ate it.

    OR:

    I had bought a biscuit before I ate it.

    Past perfect (describes an action happened before another one)
    past simple ( describs actions ended in the past)

    I hope I could help you.
    You are right. this us just to elaberate a little further.
    We use past perfect when we look back from a certain time in the past to tell what had happened before. Here the past perfect is used with certain signal words like: already, up to then, before that day and after
    Examples: Before her sixth birthday, Jane had never been to the zoo.
    We have to use the past perfect in reporting a statement in the present perfect, thus:
    Direct: He says “he has sent an e-mail”
    Reported: He said that he had sent an e-mail.
    We also use past perfect when there are two past events in the same statement.
    How ever please note that "After" is only used as a signal word for Past Perfect if it is followed by a subject + verb, meaning that one action had been completed before another action began (the new action is in Simple Past),as:
    After I had sent an email to my friend yesterday, I received a reply from him soon after.
    After the family had had breakfast, they went to the zoo.
    Last edited by sarat_106; 05-Nov-2010 at 08:41.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: past perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by sarat_106 View Post
    We also use past perfect when there are two past events in the same statement.
    This could be a little confusing.

    We very often have two or more actions following each other presented in the past simple:

    'The car skidded across the road, hit the tree and then rolled down the embankment.'

    However please note that "After" is only used as a signal word for Past Perfect if it is followed by a subject + verb, meaning that one action had been completed before another action began (the new action is in Simple Past),as:
    After I had sent an email to my friend yesterday, I received a reply from him soon after.
    After the family had had breakfast, they went to the zoo.

    This is necessary when the conjunction introducing the clause is 'when', which does not indicate 'afterness':

    'When the family had had breakfast, they went to the zoo.'

    However, with 'after' and 'before', which clearly indicate the order in which the events happened, the past perfect is frequently not used:

    'After the family had breakfast, they went to the zoo.'
    'The family had breakfast before they went to the zoo'
    5jj

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