Student or Learner
can i use either will or would in this sentence
I do not think the judge would be impressed with these witnesses
For "would be impressed" I get over 8 million hits in google.
"the judge would be impressed" gives 2550.
"the judge would be impressed with" gives 580.
I think it is safe to write 'will' or 'would' if you want to. Why should you only be able to use 'will'? If you express your opinion: 'I think that ....', this is conjecture, not fact. 'would' expresses this neatly, being the past subjunctive of 'will'.
"will" is definite, while "would" is conditional.
1.I don't think the judge will be impressed with these witnesses.
The witnesses will appear, and I am expressing my opinion that the judge will not be impressed with them.
2. I don't think the judge would be impressed with these witnesses.
It has not yet been decided whether the witnesses will appear or not, or at least I don't know whether they will appear or not. I am expressing my opinion that if the witnesses were to appear, the judge would not be impressed with them.
I would (or will) just add, that I do not consider 'will' to be at all definite, and certainly not in this sentence. Someone is giving their opinion. The judge has not seen the witnesses. That lies in the future. No one knows how the judge will receive the witnesses, 'will' is also subjunctive, of the flavour optative.
Has anyone ever said to you: 'I will be there.' and not come?