Student or Learner
Which of the following sentences is right?
1. Is there any dog in the park?
2. Are there any dogs in the park?
Would you please give some examples?
But I think there should be a difference between the corrected sentence 1 and the sentnce 2.
Both.Which of the following sentences is right?
1. Is there any dog in the park? -- the interest is in the existence of a dog in the park, no matter what breed of dog
2. Are there any dogs in the park? -- the interest is in the number of dogs
Ask any grammarian if you do not trust me.
In #1, the speaker does not know whether or not there is a dog in the park. Possibly he suspects there might be one.
#2 is a far more general question, and is therefore the one we would be most likely to hear. This is not so much a question for a grammarian as a reflection of real life. Assuming that the park is not tiny, there are more likely to be a number of dogs than one. So the general question with any covers all numbers, including one.
Would someone please tell me whether I have understood the proper
use of this unusual question? If I have, I shall credit those who taught
me; if I have not, I shall delete the post. (Dido: It is necessary to
stress the word "any." That is, you must say it louder than the
other words. I used bold (black) type to remind you.)
AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE WORLD PEACE PARK
Tom: Good morning, officers. Could you tell me whether there are
any dogs in the park now? If there are, I must leave, for I am afraid
Officer Smith: Well, sir, I did see three large dogs about an hour ago.
Officer Jones: Oh, their owners took them home a half hour ago.
Officer Smith: There you go, sir. There are no dogs in the park. Please
Officer Johnson: Sorry, guys! But I saw a little dog about ten
Officers Smith and Jones: Oh, really?
Tom: Officers, please! I have to know. Is there ANY dog in the park
right now? If there is ANY dog ( = even one dog), I will not come in.