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    #1

    given...

    Dear teachers,

    Would you help to me to make the proper choice between the mentioned above interpretations of the expression in bold in the following sentence?

    Givengood will on the part of other states, this proposal of the Russian could be carried into effect without any further delay.

    given = “if there is” … or “in the presence of”….or maybe “provided that”

    Thanks for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V

  1. 5jj's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: given...

    Given good will on the part of other states, this proposal of the Russian could be carried into effect...

    given =1. “if there is/were” … or 2. “in the presence of”….or maybe 3. “provided that there is/were
    I prefer #3, though #1 is possible.
    #2 is not natural in this example.

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    #3

    Re: given...

    2 doesn't work with could IMO.

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