Student or Learner
I have recently applied for a CELTA course, i completed all the questions but there are some that need further explanation. One of the questions i am finding difficult to expand on is: The following language forms are used to request others to perform an action:
a. Do me a favour and pass me that paper?
b. Could you possibly pass me that paper?
c. You couldn't pass me that paper could you?
A. Give examples of three further forms that might be used to make similar requests.
B. What factors are relevant in deciding which of these forms to use in a given situation?
a. Would you mind if i had a cake? This is a request in the Present form
b. She ought to have passed the cakes to me! This is a recommendation in the Present form
c. You mustn't eat all the cakes This is a strong recommendation in the Present negative form
I have been asked to give a deeper answer, I have researched this and i am still unsure what i need to do to extend my answers? Please could you point me in the right direction as i feel i am missing the point somewhere and feeling stuck. Thanks!!
d) Just pass me that paper will you?
e) Pass me that paper!
f) When you've finished would you pass that paper to me please?
As an aside a) shouldn't have a "?"
The factors to consider are
1) The relationship between you and the person you're talking to.
2) Any past conversations between you on the subject of passing papers.
a) This is a fairly straight forward request which is quite polite and has a slight colloquial slant with the words 'Do me a favour'.
b) This is said in a slightly submissive way.
c) This is said in a slightly apologetic way.
d) This is said in an annoying way.
e) This is an imperative. i.e. an order and is quite terse and abrupt.
f) This is said in an understanding and accommodating way with an acknowledgment that the person is otherwise engaged at the moment.