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    #1

    present perfect tense

    Hi,
    could anybody help me out, please?
    In the following passage:
    “For three years he has pursued in London his useful and, I think I may add, his artistic calling; and not so much as a whisper of suspicion has been once aroused.”
    - I suppose the action of "pursuing" started 3 yrs ago and still continues at the present moment but could it possibly mean that the 3-yr-long action happened somewhere in the past and forms a part of the present experience like in the sentence: I have been to Australia (once, several times)? Or is this interpretation cancelled by HAS AROUSED (period extends up to now) and WAS AROUSED would have to be used instead?
    Thank you very much!

  1. Grumpy's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: present perfect tense

    Quote Originally Posted by Kudla View Post
    Hi,
    could anybody help me out, please?
    In the following passage:
    “For three years he has pursued in London his useful and, I think I may add, his artistic calling; and not so much as a whisper of suspicion has been once aroused.”
    - I suppose the action of "pursuing" started 3 yrs ago and still continues at the present moment but could it possibly mean that the 3-yr-long action happened somewhere in the past and forms a part of the present experience like in the sentence: I have been to Australia (once, several times)? Or is this interpretation cancelled by HAS AROUSED (period extends up to now) and WAS AROUSED would have to be used instead?
    Thank you very much!
    You are correct It's the "has" in the "has pursued" which signifies that his pursuing continues at the present moment. If he was no longer doing this, then the phrase would have read "For three years he pursued in London his....". The second use of "has" in "has been once aroused" also signifies a continuing action. Had he ceased pursuing, then it would have been phrased "...suspicion was aroused"

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    #3

    Re: present perfect tense

    Thanks a lot, again!

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