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    #1

    tenses

    Hi, could anyone help with this sentence?
    Dr. Noel, for that was his name, had been forced to leave London, where he enjoyed a large and increasing practice
    I know that the past perfect can reflect the past of either the past or the present perfect tense but how can I explain that past perfect is followed by past simple - considering the sequence of tenses. Ive heard that past perfect does not always express the anteriority but also the completion of an action.
    In this case does past perfect express result (he left) or just anteriority (past-in-past) but then what about the verb enjoyed - logically, it shoud preceed the action of leaving.
    Could you help me out, please?
    Thank you!

  1. 5jj's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: tenses

    Quote Originally Posted by Kudla View Post
    Dr. Noel, for that was his name, had been forced to leave London, where he enjoyed a large and increasing practice.
    'Had enjoyed ' would be more logical.

    However, the writer possibly saw the being forced as being anterior to the actual leaving.
    It's also possible (though admittedly unlikely) that Dr Noel was the owner of the practice, and continued that ownership after his departure. Alternatatively, he perhaps left London (as a place of residence) but continued to work there.

    You will find that many native speakers are rather more cavalier about the usage of the past perfect than some grammar books suggest they should be. In real life, this does not matter; in most contexts, no confusion is caused or felt. In examinations in English, it is safer to stick to the rules.

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    #3

    Re: tenses

    Thanks a lot for your reply!

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