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    #1

    punctuation

    a. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen as well on Monday.
    b. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen as well, on Monday.

    c. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen on Monday as well.
    d. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen, on Monday, as well.

    Which of the above are correctly punctuated?

  1. lauralie2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: punctuation

    Use commas with a prepositional phrase if:


    • the phrase is long and introduces the sentence
      • e.g., On Monday at 4 o'clock sharp, I will give him a pen as well. (Note, a comma is not necessary if the prepositional phrase is short; e.g., On Monday I gave him a pen.
    • the phrase comes between constituents
      • e.g., I will, on Monday, give him a pen.
      • e.g., I will give him, on Monday, a pen.


    Note, using a comma to mark off a prepositional phrase that occurs at the end of a sentence is not necessary and best left out as the comma (the pause) could or could not alter the meaning of the sentence:


    • I will give him a pen on Monday. <'on Monday' is in focus>
    • I will give him a pen, on Monday. <'on Monday' is less in focus>

    Comma placement for "as well": Using commas to set off "as well" is optional for some speakers but not optional for others.


    • I will give him a pen, as well, on Monday.
    • I will give him a pen as well on Monday.

    Comma placement with conjunctions: Using a comma before a conjunction that joins two clauses is optional if the clauses are short or similar in structure:


    • I have given him a book, and I will give him a pen.
    • I have given him a book and I will give him a pen.
    The phrase "as well" modifies the closest phrase, irrespective of comma placement:


    • I will give him a pen on Monday as well.
    • I will give him a pen as well on Monday.
    ___________________________

    a. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen as well on Monday.

    • ...I will give him a pen, as well, on Monday.
    b. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen as well, on Monday. unnecessary

    c. I have given him a book [on Monday] and I will give him a pen on Monday as well.ambiguous

    d. I have given him a book and I will give him a pen, on Monday, as well. ambiguous

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    #3

    Re: punctuation

    Thanks a lot for going into all this trouble. This is pretty complicated!

    I thought in those sentences the tenses made it impossible for there to be any ambiguity.

    But, if I say:

    1. I will give him a book and I'll give him a pen as well on Monday.
    2. I will give him a book and I'll give him a pen, on Monday, as well.

    You cannot tell whether I'll give the book to him on Monday or not.

    I guess this one is clear:
    3. I will give him a book and on Monday I'll give him a pen as well.
    I thought (2) meant the same as (3).

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