Hi. i am an esl student. i have learned that i should use the helping verbs to form questions with present simple tense. But i notice that there are many qustions do not apply that rule.
e.g. What makes good friend ? (( Why did we put (( s )) ))
I think it must be : What does make good frind ?
e.g , What friendship means ? (( Why did we put (( s )) ))
i Think it must be . What does friendship mean?
I appreciate your help
Last edited by 2006; 30-Dec-2010 at 06:01.
As you say, questions are normally formed using auxiliaries (with the pattern: Question word if there is one - Auxiliary - Subject - the rest).
However we say "What makes a good friend?", using the normal English word order for ordinary sentences (not questions). The rule is that this happens when the question word and the subject are the same. (In your example, "what" is the subject.)
As 2006 has commented, your other example is actually incorrect.
Hope this helps.
"when the question word and the subject are the same"
That is, when what is the same and known to be plural, can I write:
"What make a good friend"?
- What makes a good friend?
- What make a good friend?
- 'make' is wrong because the subject (What <singular>) and its verb (make <plural>) do not agree in number.