Egoism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
How do you see the difference?
Student or Learner
'Egocentric' is closer to meaning 'egoistic' or 'egotistic'?
***not a teacher***
You, as native speakers definitely have a better understanding of the words used in your language. However, I'd like to share the following information, from the book Word Power Made Easy, by Norman Lewis.
Egoist: Your attitude to life is simple and direct. Every decision you make is based on the answer to one question: "What's in it for me?" And all you want is self-advancement.
Egotist: You're always boastful to the point of being obnoxious. You have only one string to your conversational violin, namely, yourself; and on it you play a number of monotonous variations: what you think, what you have done, how how good you are, etc.
And, in the same book, it's mentioned that, egocentric is an extreme form of the egoist.
I had always though that egoism and egotism were simply alternative forms of the same word. However, my Concise Oxford Dictionary tells me (defining -ism rather than -ist):
egoism -an ethical theory that treats self-interest as the foundation of morality.
egotism - 1. the practice of continually talking about oneself; self-centredness
2. an exaggerated opinion of oneself; conceit
It also says: "The senses of egoism and egotism overlap, but egoism alone is used in philosophy and psychology to mean 'self-interest' (often contrasted with altruism.)"
Well, well. You live and learn.
The COD also gives:
egocentric - 1. centred in the ego
2. self-centred, egoistic.
Having shared that section from the book I mentioned, I still can't get why egocentric is an extreme form of egoist, but not egotist. (I hope you'll correct me on this!) To put it simply, I think an egoist wants all for themselves, and an egotist has the mania for pushing themselves forward (?!). And, a kid could be egocentric when they think the whole world is going on to get them choccies, toys, etc.!
I hope somebody will correct me.