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    #1

    to vs ing

    Please let me know whether I should use to promote or promoting (and why?) in a sentence below.

    To promote/promoting a caring, sharing image is something many airlines are keen on,

    Thank you.

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    #2

    Re: to vs ing

    ***Not a teacher***

    I believe both are acceptable usages, with almost identical meanings, but slightly different viewpoints.

    'To promote' - draws attention to the fact that this is an aim of the airline company, and views it from a 'distance'

    'Promoting' - draws attention to the practise of promotion, and views it more from 'inside' - i.e. you are more aware of the airline company putting the promotion into action

    Ade

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    #3

    Re: to vs ing

    Quote Originally Posted by azcl View Post
    ***Not a teacher***

    I believe both are acceptable usages, with almost identical meanings, but slightly different viewpoints.

    'To promote' - draws attention to the fact that this is an aim of the airline company, and views it from a 'distance'

    'Promoting' - draws attention to the practise of promotion, and views it more from 'inside' - i.e. you are more aware of the airline company putting the promotion into action

    Ade
    Thank you. I would have the same approach but it was an exercise from a practice grammar book and it appears that the correct answer is ing form only. That's why I am a little bit confuse

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    #4

    Re: to vs ing

    Quote Originally Posted by olegv View Post
    Please let me know whether I should use to promote or promoting (and why?) in a sentence below.

    To promote/promoting a caring, sharing image is something many airlines are keen on,

    Thank you.
    I agree with Ade, but as written above in the OP, the choice seems to be either "To promote" or "To promoting."
    I am adding this observation to eliminate any ambiguity.

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    #5

    Re: to vs ing

    Quote Originally Posted by olegv View Post
    Please let me know whether I should use to promote or promoting (and why?) in a sentence below.

    To promote/promoting a caring, sharing image is something many airlines are keen on,

    Thank you.

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Olegv,


    (1) Am I correct in thinking that you want to know the difference

    between To promote a caring image is the goal of every airline

    and Promoting a caring image is the goal of every airline.

    (2) If that is the case, then, I, too, want to know the difference

    between using an infinitive and a gerund.

    (3) I have never been able to find the answer. Probably, there is

    no definitive answer.

    (4) I checked my books and surfed the Net. May I share my research?

    (a) Some people say: There's no big difference. Don't worry.

    (b) Many people feel that the infinitive is formal and abstract

    (that is, devoted to theory or philosophy). For example, quite a

    few people cited that famous saying: To err is human. (That is,

    to make mistakes is only human.) "Erring is human" would not

    sound "right."

    (c) Many people feel that the gerund is more normal and is

    more appropriate for spoken English.

    (d) My 1988 edition of Longman Emglish Grammar (page 317)

    advises us that "there is not much difference in meaning," and that

    -ing may refer to an action in progress, whereas a to-infinitive

    may imply in general. It then says:

    We rarely begin statements with the to-infinitive but often

    with -ing, PARTICULARLY WHEN WE ARE MAKING GENERAL

    STATEMENTS.

    (e) Professor D. Bolinger (quoted on p. 436 in my 1983 edition of The Grammar

    Book) has an interesting theory.

    I like camping in the mountains.

    I like to camp in the mountains.

    (Yes, his examples are not subjects. But probably his theory also

    applies to subjects.)

    He says the first sentence is more immediate, more vivid.

    He says the second one is more remote, more objective.


    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****
    Last edited by TheParser; 18-Jan-2011 at 23:40.

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    #6

    Re: to vs ing

    1. To promote X is Y.
    2. Promoting X is Y.

    I like Ade's "outside/inside" distinction, and the Parser's "remote/immediate".

    Both accord with the fact that the infinitive expresses an action as a whole, and the gerund an action in progress.

    Best wishes,

    MrP
    ·
    Not a professional ESL teacher.
    ·

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