Student or Learner
"FIFA's player transfer rules."
Shouldn't there be a hyphen between "player" and "transfer"?
When trying to decide whether to use a hyphen or not between two adjectives, you need to decide whether the adjectives are each independently modifying the noun or whether they are working together in modifying the noun. The latter situation requires a hyphen.
1) He enjoyed the hot sunny day.
"hot"and "sunny" are independently modifying the noun "day". Of course you can have a day that is both hot and sunny, but you can also have hot cloudy days and cold sunny days. In all cases the two adjectives independently modify "day", so you don't use a hyphen.
Another way you can know that you shouldn't use a hyphen is if you can add "and" between the two adjectives. which you can do in sentence 1).
2) We need to hold a high-level meeting. The meeting is not high, nor is it level. So we need a hyphen to make the compoud adjective "high-level".
3) FIFA's player ?- transfer rules
The rules are certainly about players and they are certainly about transfers. But they are more precisely about player transfers. So I would use a hyphen: 'FIFA's player-transfer rules'.
Last edited by 2006; 20-Jan-2011 at 05:56.
In "FIFA's player transfer rules", "player" and "transfer" are both nouns. They modify "rules" jointly (form and function). Not all attributive modifiers are adjectives. 2006 gave us a simplistic account of the use of hyphens, which, in the majority of cases but not in all cases, applicable.
the most respected member (most and respected? - no!)
the most-respected member
Central American states
Afro Cuban music
Another way you can know that you shouldn't use a hyphen is if you can add "and" between the two adjectives.
African American people
FIFA's player transfer rules -- no ambiguityThe following compound adjectives are not normally hyphenated:
Where there is no risk of ambiguity:
"a Sunday morning walk"
"FIFA's player-transfer rules"
Last edited by 2006; 20-Jan-2011 at 17:11. Reason: many small corrections and revisions
Try putting 'player transfer rules' or player-transfer rules' into Google.
No hyphen will be found!!