Student or Learner
How to pronounce "=" in the sentence?
Mathematical equality is transitive, since if X=Y, and Y=Z, then X=Z.
equals or equalizes?
I guess it should be the first one.
You equalize things by taking some from one and adding it to the other.
If a small plane has 12 people sitting on one side and 4 on the other, they will move people around to equalize the weight distribution.
(It always makes me nervous to fly on a plane that is so small that it actually matter where we are sitting.)
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.