Management makes evaluations, grants salary increases, and promotes individuals based on what it receives
Does "based" refer to "management" here? Is it (the participle "based") an attribute, an adverbial modifier or part of a predicate? I think it's an adverbial modifier, but I'm not sure.
If you used 'basing' (active), you would have to say 'basing its decisions on what it receives'. It would then be management which is basing its decisions on whatever it is that it receives.
I dont see this. Are you saying that "based" can be considered an adjective modifying the finite verb "promotes"?
We can consider that the adjective qualifies either the evaluations, salary increases and promotions, or the making of evaluations, granting of salary increases and promotion of individuals.
That the word I have underlined are not actually used suggests that, to a purist, the sentence should ideally be recast. One suggestion would be:
Management makes evaluations, grants salary increases, and promotes individuals, these decisions being based on what it receives.
The sentence is poorly constructed anyway; we don't know what is referred to in 'what it receives'
I have to say that I saw nothing wrong with the sentence (other than the what it receives) when I first read it. Indeed, I still don't, really.
Perhaps my recasting for the purist was based on a failure to recognise that this expression can be used adverbially.
Thanks for the conytributions, but I still can't figure out whether "based" is an attribute, part of a predicate or an adverbial modifier. I incline to the latter, but the more I read opinions, the more I doubt.
It's is often difficult to decide how a word like 'tired' or 'bored' or, in this case 'based', should be labelled.
Is 'I am bored' an example of a present tense passive construction of the verb BORE, or is it a present tense construction of the verb BE followed by the adjective bored? Does it matter?
Don't forget that adjectives and past participles and adverbial modifiers do not exist in real life - they are simply labels that we apply to words to help us understand how people use these words.
The only important question for learners, I feel, is whether or not based on can be used adverbially. BC's link suggests that some people are using it in this way, a suggestion reinforced for me when I took a quick look at a couple of corpora. I suspect that this is one of those cases where some people will feel strongly that this is 'incorrect', others that it is now acceptable.
Yes, the label is very important for me now, because I'm studying (rather revising) participles and their function in sentences. I'd like to ask you just to leave your opinion, your assumption about whether "based" is an attribute, adverbal modifier or part of a predicate. I need this to understand the construction better.