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  1. Ook Choi's Avatar
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    #1

    Smile can you explain these to me grammatically?

    I have difficulty understanding adjective position.

    For example,

    1. Do you have one bedroom apartment available?

    2. There were no stores open.

    3. There are only a few left.

    I looked up a grammar book. Left in #3 is past participle, but I can't find #1,2. It seems to me that those are Adjective but usually it comes before noun, isn't it? for example, available room.

    Can you please explain these to me?

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    #2

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    Quote Originally Posted by Ook Choi View Post
    I have difficulty understanding adjective position.

    For example,

    1. Do you have one bedroom apartment available?

    2. There were no stores open.

    3. There are only a few left.

    I looked up a grammar book. Left in #3 is past participle, but I can't find #1,2. It seems to me that those are Adjective but usually it comes before noun, isn't it? for example, available room.

    Can you please explain these to me?
    "available" and "open" are adjectives in your examples. Either can be used predicatively or attributively.

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    Some adjectives, especially those ending in -able/ible can be used after nouns rather like relative clauses: Do you have a one-bedroom apartment available?

  3. Ook Choi's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    Thank you, fivejedjon. I thought "available" was actually "which is available" like relative clauses and left out. For example, "Do you have a one-bedroom apartment (which is) available? But you mean it is still adjective, right? :)

  4. 5jj's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    Quote Originally Posted by Ook Choi View Post
    But you mean it is still adjective, right? :)
    Yes.

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    #6

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    It is an interesting thing to study. I mean a position of an adjective towards a noun. I can tell you that there are some really interesting things to discover or pay attention to, especially for non-native speakers. For example some adjectives change their meanings depending on their position

    a man involved
    an involved man

    It's not only that.

  5. Newbie
    Interested in Language
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    #7

    Re: can you explain these to me grammatically?

    A postpositive adjective (together with any complementation it may have) can usually be regarded as a reduced relative clause.

    There were no stores (which were) open.
    Do you have one bedroom apartment (which is) available?

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