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    #1

    the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    "The theory can be assumed to have undergone no substantial changes." Would it be OK to structure the sentence like that in writing?

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    #2

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    Yes, that's fine, ostap.

    Rover

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    #3

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    Quote Originally Posted by Rover_KE View Post
    Yes, that's fine, ostap.

    Rover
    What about "to have sustained..."?

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    #4

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    No. You can sustain something clearly unpleasant, like a wound or loss.

  1. BobK's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    Quote Originally Posted by birdeen's call View Post
    No. You can sustain something clearly unpleasant, like a wound or loss.
    The question is, whose theory are we talking about? Einstein would have talked about Newton's and Euclid's theories having to undergo/withstand/sustain change. When a passive conceals the agent, it seems to me to be a good idea to express it differently.

    b

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    #6

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    Quote Originally Posted by BobK View Post
    The question is, whose theory are we talking about? Einstein would have talked about Newton's and Euclid's theories having to undergo/withstand/sustain change. When a passive conceals the agent, it seems to me to be a good idea to express it differently.

    b
    I don't have the context. We were supposed to translate sentences for next class. "Sustain" would have been incorrect to use in that sentence? Does "sustain" imply a negative meaning?
    Last edited by ostap77; 22-Mar-2011 at 13:54.

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    #7

    Re: the theory undergoes or sutains changes?

    Yes, sustain has a negative connotation. The army sustained casualties in the conflict, the town sustained damage from the tornedo.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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