***** NOT A TEACHER *****
(1) Cleonard, you will find that the excellent teachers here will
be happy to answer questions from people like you and me. This
website even lets non-teachers make comments IF we start the
post with the warning "Not a teacher."
(2) I have found that if you ask one question in each post, you will
get a faster reply.
(3) So let me start with No. 1. Then one of the teachers will tell you
if I made any mistakes, and s/he will answer your other questions.
"The large brown dusty leaves swirled around quickly."
Well, what do YOU think is the "skeleton" of that sentence? That is,
what do you think are the 4 basic words of that sentence. I think they
The leaves swirled around.
The = adjective. (Newer books like the term "determiner.")
leaves = noun.
swirled = verb.
around = adverb (or maybe "particle").
Now all the other words are "extra" information.
The leaves are (a) large, (b) brown, and (c) dusty. Do you remember
what you call words that modify (describe) a noun such as "leaves"?
I believe we use the word "adjective."
Finally how did the leaves "swirl around"? Answer: quickly. And the
books tell us that a word like "quickly" is an adverb.
Oh, I forgot: the two parts of a sentence are the subject and predicate.
Some teachers tell us learners to find the predicate first. That is, find the
part with the verb. In your sentence, it is "swirl around quickly."
Now ask yourself: what swirls around quickly? Answer: The large brown
dusty leaves. So those 5 words are the subject.
People who have questions about grammar visit usingenglish.com.
"Visit usingenglish.com" is the predicate.
Who visits usingenglish.com? Answer: "People who have questions
Type of sentence? I can only think of calling it an affirmative
Hopefully, a teacher will soon answer you. Oh, by the way, when you
have a question, always (in your mind) put the words in "regular" order.
Then it will be easier to understand. For example, change "Did Jeff
take the dog out before school?" to:
Jiff did take the dog out before school?
Now can you identify the subject? Yes, it is "Jeff." It answers the
question: "Who did take the dog out before school?"