I am not a teacher, but I will make some obvious corrections
guys can you please help to edict this work. i am doing diploma but i have a serious proplem when it comes to grammar.
in[The] eighteen[th] century witnessed the introduction of water and animal stransport. These modes of transport were introduced to play a role in transporting goods and[,] particularly agricultural goods. According to Clark (1958:239)[,] in the Ancient and Medieval cities to “transport goods in a[one] kilometer was costing[cost] one kilogram of grain”. He further pointed out that water transport was [a] significant mode of transport in the Ancient and Medieval cities.
The paper by Clark (1958:241)
outlined[outlines] that in the late eighteenth [century] China, Holland and France introduced canal stransport to their cities. But the introduction of Canal[s] did not fully substitute [for] water transport, due to the fact that water transport could able to[use either "could" or "would be able to"] cover a long distance,[start new sentence here] moreover water in some cases was a barrier for canal transport to operate efficient[ly] and effective[ly]. In[The]1840s and 1850s wewitnessed an[the] introduction of railways and steamships. These modes of transport facilitated the broke upbreak-up of the old self-sufficient village (Clark.1958:243). In addition ally, Clark (1958:243) pointed[points] out that railway and steam ships played a role in [the] “re-arrangement of agricultural production on the basis of regional specialization and rapid development of heavy industry”. Nevertheless, the introduction of railway and steam ships did not fully replace animal transport. This emanate[s] from the fact that animals were still used to move goods [a] few miles away from railway.
After the introduction of railways and steam ships it was the introduction of motor transport, which contributed significant[ly] in perpetuating more geographical specialization. Most
ofindustries benefited from the introduction of motor cars, [start new sentence here] this benefit emanated from the quick transportation of goods, in contracts[contrast] to animal transport. Clark point[s] out that [the]motor car had [the] advantage of[in] transporting goods and people in[for] short journeys, while rail had [the] advantage - [in] transporting in[for] a long distance.
From this section one can deduce that all [of] the
discussedphases of transport development [under discussion] are about the first stage of the transport life cycle. This assumption or reasoning is beingsubstantiated by the following reason[s] or rather arguments: firstly, one can see that each mode of transport was supplemented by a completely different one. This tells us that transport engineers, planners and others did not reach a point of satisfactory of[satisfaction with] one mode of transport, and therefore, they were still more concern[concerned] about what should be the best mode of transport. Hence, according to the first stage is about what should the design be like, and what will be its maker (doriot.1987:45)? [I didn't really understand the previous sentence - try rewriting it?]Hence, Levinson pointed[points] out that “the period of birth is one of possibility, many new technologies and networks are conceived, yet few are realized. There is an explosion of possible evolutionary paths, yet only one is taken”
We are in the era where we have advanced and sophisticated mode[s] of transport
highwaystechnology as oppose[d] to previous ere[eras]. We have cars with seat belts, airbags and safety cages, and some of the cars can literally tell sthat you[r] car is about to collide with otheranother] car or other things. Most of the transport that we have is soeffective lyand efficient lyin respect of[to] the[thier] speed they cover per hour[you cover miles per hour, not speed per hour]. Not to mention the sophisticate[sophistication] of public transport and highways, we have underground and light rail system[s] that is[are] free from traffic congestion and according to experts they have little impact to[on] the environment. Moreover, we have air transport which is the most efficient form of transport, yet is the most expensive mode of transport.
Nevertheless, we are in the era of more car accidents, high rate[s] of traffic congestion and the traffic jam is now
too[so] bad in such a waythat people every year theyexperience an increase in average time they spend travelling to work and other activities, while the distance covered itremains constant ly, and everyone is complaining about being stuck in the traffic jam. And, in addition al there is anyincrease[d] concern about carbon emission from cars.
The above two paragraphs tells us that we are in the era of improvement and advancement in transport technology, yet we do not experience the benefits of the improvements. Doriot (1987) “Today transportation system is standardized and pretty well developed”. “As a system transitions from youth to maturity, both product and process of technology production are standardized”. “In today’s situation we are dealing with mature systems”. “Our transportation system is mature” (Eberts)
In Need Of Moving[Need To Move] To the New Technology