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    #1

    Exclamation Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    Here are 2 thorny test items. Not sure if they are flawed. Would you please show your opinions?
    (The two test items are designed for the college entrance exams in China. )
    1 The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,_ _______ the students to return to their classrooms. (Jiangsu version 28)
    A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled
    The key is A. But why is C incorrect? Or are there 2 keys to the item?
    2 Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, _____ reduce unemployment pressures.
    (Jiangsu 26. )
    A. help B. to have helped C. to help D. having helped
    The key is C. If we choose C as the key, then this sentence structure seems to be the same as the above test item if we choose C. (to enable)

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    Quote Originally Posted by davidtao View Post
    Here are 2 thorny test items. Not sure if they are flawed. Would you please show your opinions?
    (The two test items are designed for the college entrance exams in China. )
    1 The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,_ _______ the students to return to their classrooms. (Jiangsu version 28)
    A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled
    The key is A. But why is C incorrect? Or are there 2 keys to the item?
    2 Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, _____ reduce unemployment pressures.
    (Jiangsu 26. )
    A. help B. to have helped C. to help D. having helped
    The key is C. If we choose C as the key, then this sentence structure seems to be the same as the above test item if we choose C. (to enable)
    In #1, A and C are both possible. In #2, C is correct.

  2. konungursvia's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    Agreed.

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    #4

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    Quote Originally Posted by davidtao View Post
    Here are 2 thorny test items. Not sure if they are flawed. Would you please show your opinions?
    (The two test items are designed for the college entrance exams in China. )
    1 The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,_ _______ the students to return to their classrooms. (Jiangsu version 28)
    A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled
    The key is A. But why is C incorrect? Or are there 2 keys to the item?
    2 Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, _____ reduce unemployment pressures.
    (Jiangsu 26. )
    A. help B. to have helped C. to help D. having helped
    The key is C. If we choose C as the key, then this sentence structure seems to be the same as the above test item if we choose C. (to enable)

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    (1) I most respectfully suggest that A is the only "correct" answer

    for No. l.

    (a) I believe that C would also be correct IF THERE WERE NO COMMA

    AFTER THE WORD " Yashu."

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    #5

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    NOT A TEACHER.

    I concur with TheParser. I don't see how you can justify the comma after "Yashu."

  3. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    davidtao, the difference between the two sentences is that in the second one, there is a parenthetical comment (almost three times the number hired last year), which is set off by commas.

    I'm with Parser and Jasmin that with the comma (and without a parenthetical comment) you cannot have the infinitive of purpose.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  4. Raymott's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    I think 1A is far better, given the comma; but I don't think 1C is necessarily wrong. Therefore, in a test in which you have to choose the best answer, 1A is the correct answer, and 1C is not.

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    #8

    Wink Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    A deluge of thanks to those who responded. HOwever, a big potato in grammar in Great Britain thinks that both A and C are acceptable in item No 1. I am still confused if such an item is flawed in a high stakes English language testing. Any furthur evidence to support or reject option C in Item No 1? Thanks in advance.

  5. freezeframe's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    Quote Originally Posted by davidtao View Post
    A deluge of thanks to those who responded. HOwever, a big potato in grammar in Great Britain thinks that both A and C are acceptable in item No 1. I am still confused if such an item is flawed in a high stakes English language testing. Any furthur evidence to support or reject option C in Item No 1? Thanks in advance.
    What did the potato say? Was he a potato or a cheese?

    Big cheese.

  6. 5jj's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: Infinitive with or without Comma as adverbial of purpose

    I am only a small cheese, but I am with Parser, Jasmin and Barb, for the reason that Barb gave.

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