Student or Learner
Which sentence is correct
1. Breathing is important to living.
2. Breathing is important to live
live is a verb and living is an adjective and according to me #2 is correct the same way as " I want to go" or " I am going to do my work"
But it seems #1 is correct. Could any one explain to me the reason.
Thanks for your reply. I was speaking these sentences for a long time :)
***neither a teacher nor a native-speaker***
There is nothing in the world like a simple word called "the definite article", so your first sentence will be okay when you introduce "the";
Breathing is important to the living.
But when I say it will be okay, it solely denotes its grammatical correctness, it needs not to be correct semantically or scientifically. And "the living" here has a different meaning now. It is a collective noun.
Instead of saying "important" you can say "essential". It'll be ok then unless you include anaerobe organisms in the definition of "the living". Now, let's take a look at the last version of your sentence;
Breathing is essential to the living.
And another point I'd like to mention is that the word "to" not just makes an infinitive out of a bare verb, but it is also a preposition. Sometimes, some learners can mix these two "to".
thanks Euncu for your explanation.
"Living" is a gerund. "Breathing is important to living." is a good sentence, as is "Breathing is necessary to live" = "To live, it's necessary to breathe"
"Water is necessary for swimming." (I've changed the preposition; the point is the same)
"Breathing is necessary for living."
"Food is necessary for eating."
The to-phrase in #2 (to live) is different from the to-phrase in "I want to go." The former (to live) is short for in order to:
- Breathing is important (in order) to live.
- In order to live, breathing is important.
As for #1 (to living), the word living is a noun, a gerund (not an adjective), and it fits the phrase important to <someone or something>:
- Breathing is important to living.
thanks every one. I generally get the answer of all my queries so quickly that I feel to post my questions here.