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    #1

    to live or to living

    hi All,

    Which sentence is correct

    1. Breathing is important to living.
    2.
    Breathing is important to live

    live is a verb and living is an adjective and according to me #2 is correct the same way as " I want to go" or " I am going to do my work"

    But it seems #1 is correct. Could any one explain to me the reason.

    thanks
    Gauri

  1. freezeframe's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: to live or to living

    Quote Originally Posted by gauri_agr View Post
    hi All,

    Which sentence is correct

    1. Breathing is important to living.
    2.
    Breathing is important to live

    live is a verb and living is an adjective and according to me #2 is correct the same way as " I want to go" or " I am going to do my work"

    But it seems #1 is correct. Could any one explain to me the reason.

    thanks
    Gauri
    What are you trying to say? Both of your sentences are a little odd. Breathing is not just "important to living" but is one of the necessary conditions for staying alive.

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    #3

    Re: to live or to living

    Thanks for your reply. I was speaking these sentences for a long time :)

  2. euncu's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: to live or to living

    ***neither a teacher nor a native-speaker***

    There is nothing in the world like a simple word called "the definite article", so your first sentence will be okay when you introduce "the";

    Breathing is important to the living.

    But when I say it will be okay, it solely denotes its grammatical correctness, it needs not to be correct semantically or scientifically. And "the living" here has a different meaning now. It is a collective noun.

    Instead of saying "important" you can say "essential". It'll be ok then unless you include anaerobe organisms in the definition of "the living". Now, let's take a look at the last version of your sentence;

    Breathing is essential to the living.

    And another point I'd like to mention is that the word "to" not just makes an infinitive out of a bare verb, but it is also a preposition. Sometimes, some learners can mix these two "to".

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    #5

    Re: to live or to living

    thanks Euncu for your explanation.

  3. Raymott's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: to live or to living

    Quote Originally Posted by euncu View Post
    ***neither a teacher nor a native-speaker***

    There is nothing in the world like a simple word called "the definite article", so your first sentence will be okay when you introduce "the";

    Breathing is important to the living.

    But when I say it will be okay, it solely denotes its grammatical correctness, it needs not to be correct semantically or scientifically. And "the living" here has a different meaning now. It is a collective noun.

    Instead of saying "important" you can say "essential". It'll be ok then unless you include anaerobe organisms in the definition of "the living". Now, let's take a look at the last version of your sentence;

    Breathing is essential to the living.

    And another point I'd like to mention is that the word "to" not just makes an infinitive out of a bare verb, but it is also a preposition. Sometimes, some learners can mix these two "to".
    You can use "the". It changes the meaning though.
    "Living" is a gerund. "Breathing is important to living." is a good sentence, as is "Breathing is necessary to live" = "To live, it's necessary to breathe"

    Consider:
    "Water is necessary for swimming." (I've changed the preposition; the point is the same)
    "Breathing is necessary for living."
    "Food is necessary for eating."

  4. Soup's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: to live or to living

    Quote Originally Posted by gauri_agr View Post
    hi All,

    Which sentence is correct

    1. Breathing is important to living.
    2.
    Breathing is important to live

    live is a verb and living is an adjective and according to me #2 is correct the same way as " I want to go" or " I am going to do my work"

    But it seems #1 is correct. Could any one explain to me the reason.

    thanks
    Gauri
    Both are correct.

    The to-phrase in #2 (to live) is different from the to-phrase in "I want to go." The former (to live) is short for in order to:


    • Breathing is important (in order) to live.
    • In order to live, breathing is important.



    As for #1 (to living), the word living is a noun, a gerund (not an adjective), and it fits the phrase important to <someone or something>:


    • Breathing is important to living.

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    #8

    Re: to live or to living

    thanks every one. I generally get the answer of all my queries so quickly that I feel to post my questions here.

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