Student or Learner
I'm sorry but it's kind of long, but in the underlined, is it saying "When a moral agent makes a decision on various cases, he make each different decision for each moral problem situation."? or "Various moral agents make different decisions for each moral problem situation."? Is it centered around moral agents or moral problem situation?
Also, What is "bear on"? Is it "to carry" or "to possess"?
ex)The most obvious salient feature of moral agents is a capacity for rational thought. This is an uncontested necessary
condition for any form of moral agency, since we all accept that people who are incapable of reasoned thought cannot be held morally responsible for their actions. However, if we move beyond this uncontroversial salient feature of moral agents, then the most salient feature of actual flesh-and-blood (as opposed to ridiculously idealized) individual moral agents is surely the fact that every moral agent brings multiple perspectives to bear on every moral problem situation. That is, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question “What are the basic ways in which moral agents wish to affect others?” Rather, moral agents wish to affect ‘others’ in different ways depending upon who these ‘others’ are.
bear on - definition. American English definition of bear on by Macmillan Dictionary
bear on something to be connected with something or to influence itDo you have any information bearing on his disappearance?
A perspective is a way of thinking about something. Each person has different ways of thinking about different things; these ways are "multiple perspectives". When a person makes a moral decision, every moral problem situation is influenced by multiple perspectives.
The sentence is not about different decisions but rather about how each decision we make is influenced by our culture, experiences, etc. There isn't just one thing that influences our moral decisions.