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    #1

    a question on agreement

    Hi, guys

    i have a minor question about the agreement. look at the sentence "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    i think the subject here is every door, not windows, so the verb should be "has" instead of "have". but i'm not sure of it. anybody tell me?

  1. SanMar's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by hooootdog View Post
    Hi, guys

    i have a minor question about the agreement. look at the sentence "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    i think the subject here is every door, not windows, so the verb should be "has" instead of "have". but i'm not sure of it. anybody tell me?
    I understand the sentence as :

    "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    But I could be wrong! Perhaps others will comment.

    Not a teacher

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by hooootdog View Post
    Hi, guys
    e?
    Grammatically speaking it has to be: "...every door... and (every) window has to be...".


  3. SanMar's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by fivejedjon View Post
    Grammatically speaking it has to be: "...every door... and (every) window has to be...".

    Over looking the actual meaning of sentence is not a good idea!

    Are both door and window the subject of the sentence?
    I'm inclined to say yes but.....


    Not a teacher.

  4. 5jj's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by SanMar View Post

    Are both door and window the subject of the sentence?
    I'm inclined to say yes but.....
    Interesting point. I'll evade the problem of it by changing my answer to : Every [door and window] has to...

  5. Soup's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by fivejedjon View Post
    Grammatically speaking it has to be: "...every door... and (every) window has to be...".

    Nonsense. The sentence stands grammatically correct as is. It's the commas that are the problem:


    • On New Year's Eve, every door in the house and even windows have to be open to allow the old year out.
      • They (both doors and windows) have to be open to allow the old year out.

  6. Raymott's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by hooootdog View Post
    Hi, guys

    i have a minor question about the agreement. look at the sentence "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    i think the subject here is every door, not windows, so the verb should be "has" instead of "have". but i'm not sure of it. anybody tell me?
    Problems like this can usually be solved by rewriting.
    "On New Year's Eve, all the doors in the house, and even the windows, have to be open to allow the old year out."

  7. 5jj's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: a question on agreement

    Sorry, hooootdog. Ignore my posts. For some reason I read your 'and even windows' as 'and every windows'. It's time I had my eyes tested.

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    #9

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by hooootdog View Post
    Hi, guys

    i have a minor question about the agreement. look at the sentence "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    i think the subject here is every door, not windows, so the verb should be "has" instead of "have". but i'm not sure of it. anybody tell me?

    ***** A NON-TEACHER's OPINION *****


    (1) I may have found a "rule" that explains why "has" is the

    "correct" answer.

    (2) It comes from my 1985 edition of Professor Quirk's A Grammar of

    the English Language (page 762):

    If an adverbial [such as "even"?] is attached to a second noun
    phrase linked to the [first] noun phrase by and, the construction is considered parenthetic [extra], and grammatical concord ... requires the verb to agree in number with the first noun phrase.

    Dr. Quirk's example:

    The ambassador -- and perhaps his wife too [adverbial?] -- is likely to be present.

    (3) Your humble servant is wondering if your sentence could thus

    be analyzed something like:

    Every door -- and even [all the] windows -- has to be open.

    Every door (and even all the windows) has to be open.

    Every door, and even all the windows, has to be open.

    Respectfully yours,

    James

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    #10

    Re: a question on agreement

    Quote Originally Posted by hooootdog View Post
    Hi, guys

    i have a minor question about the agreement. look at the sentence "On New Year's Eve, every door in the house, and even windows, have to be open to allow the old year out"

    i think the subject here is every door, not windows, so the verb should be "has" instead of "have". but i'm not sure of it. anybody tell me?
    I agree with you, as the parenthetical phrase "and even windows" is enclosed in commas.

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