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  1. #1

    Post Sentence Patterns

    What are the basic sentence pattern in English? And please give their meaning with sentences. Please put where the subject and the like on top of words.

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970

    Re: Sentence Patterns

    1. subject + intransitive verb:
    They swim.

    2. subject + transitive verb + direct object:
    They eat cake.

    3a. subject + di-transitive verb + direct object + indirect object
    They gave money to the charity.
    3b. subject + di-transitive verb + indirect object + direct object
    They gave the charity money.

    4. subject + verb + direct object + object complement
    They call him Mr Smith.

    5. subject + linking verb + subject complement
    They are teachers. ('teachers' is a noun, so it's called a predicate nominal)
    They seem happy. ('happy' is an adjective, so it's called a predicate adjective)
    They were upstairs. ('upstairs' is an adverb; it tells us "where")

    6. Existential there + verb + subject + preposition of location
    There is a cat on the table.

    I believe those are all the basic patterns.

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 4

    Re: Sentence Patterns

    Thanks so much Casiopea for your help with Sentence patterns, it did help me a lot!
    Bye, darius

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