NOT A TEACHER
(1) I love to parse (analyze). May I start your thread?
(a) I am beginning.
(i) I = subject.
(ii) am beginning = present progressive form of the verb "to begin."
(present progressive = appropriate form of "be" + -ing word.
The -ing word is called a present participle. The "be" is called
an auxiliary verb. "Auxiliary" means "help." "Am" helps the -ing
word. If you said, "I beginning," people would understand you, but
they would not know what tense you wanted to express:
am beginning/ was beginning/ will be beginning.
That is why we need an auxiliary verb for "good" English.
(b) He is always eating.
(i) First, forget "always."
(ii) So we have "He is eating." The analysis is the same as the analysis
for "I am beginning."
(iii) Now you can add the adverb "always." When is he eating?
Always/ never/ often/ usually
(c) I wish that [it is not necessary to use "that" in this sentence, but
it makes the sentence more formal. I suggest that you use it, for you
are a learner] I had eaten.
This sentence is a little more difficult:
(a) I = subject.
wish = verb.
that = conjunction/expletive. Don't worry about it.
that I had eaten. = a noun clause. "Clause" is just another word
for sentence. A noun clause often = the word "something."
If you tell a friend "I wish something," your friend will ask:
"What?" Then you would answer: That I had eaten. (Do you see
how the noun clause -- "that I had eaten" -- is a substitute for
the word "something"?)
I = subject.
had = auxiliary verb.
eaten = past participle.
Again the auxiliary makes the sentence smoother and produces a
good sentence. If you say "I wish that I eaten," native speakers will
understand you, but they will want to know why you forgot the "had."
P.S. Modals are words such as "should," "must," "can," etc. In other
words, they are a special kind of auxiliary verb.
You should go. = A good idea if you go.
You must pay your taxes. = 100% necessary.
She can speak 10 languages. = ability.
May I leave? = permission.
Whenever you have any questions, just post them here. Many
teachers and non-teachers (such as I) are waiting for your
Student or Learner