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    #1

    help needed

    Hi

    If someone could advise me I would be very grateful. I am having trouble understanding FORM. what are basic rules ? could someone please explain where I am going wrong.

    ie ; I am beginning, is that subject + verb ( ing )
    is always eating subject + always + verb
    I wish I had eaten subject + verb + modal+ verb

    I am sure these are wrong, please could you tell me, thanks !!! Micheal

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    #2

    Re: help needed

    Quote Originally Posted by micheal View Post
    Hi

    If someone could advise me I would be very grateful. I am having trouble understanding FORM. what are basic rules ? could someone please explain where I am going wrong.

    ie ; I am beginning, is that subject + verb ( ing )
    is always eating subject + always + verb
    I wish I had eaten subject + verb + modal+ verb

    I am sure these are wrong, please could you tell me, thanks !!! Micheal

    NOT A TEACHER


    (1) I love to parse (analyze). May I start your thread?

    (a) I am beginning.

    (i) I = subject.

    (ii) am beginning = present progressive form of the verb "to begin."

    (present progressive = appropriate form of "be" + -ing word.

    The -ing word is called a present participle. The "be" is called

    an auxiliary verb. "Auxiliary" means "help." "Am" helps the -ing

    word. If you said, "I beginning," people would understand you, but

    they would not know what tense you wanted to express:

    am beginning/ was beginning/ will be beginning.

    That is why we need an auxiliary verb for "good" English.

    (b) He is always eating.

    (i) First, forget "always."

    (ii) So we have "He is eating." The analysis is the same as the analysis

    for "I am beginning."

    (iii) Now you can add the adverb "always." When is he eating?

    Always/ never/ often/ usually

    (c) I wish that [it is not necessary to use "that" in this sentence, but

    it makes the sentence more formal. I suggest that you use it, for you

    are a learner] I had eaten.

    This sentence is a little more difficult:

    (a) I = subject.

    wish = verb.

    that = conjunction/expletive. Don't worry about it.

    that I had eaten. = a noun clause. "Clause" is just another word

    for sentence. A noun clause often = the word "something."

    If you tell a friend "I wish something," your friend will ask:

    "What?" Then you would answer: That I had eaten. (Do you see

    how the noun clause -- "that I had eaten" -- is a substitute for

    the word "something"?)

    I = subject.

    had = auxiliary verb.

    eaten = past participle.

    Again the auxiliary makes the sentence smoother and produces a

    good sentence. If you say "I wish that I eaten," native speakers will

    understand you, but they will want to know why you forgot the "had."

    Respectfully yours,


    James


    P.S. Modals are words such as "should," "must," "can," etc. In other

    words, they are a special kind of auxiliary verb.

    For example:

    You should go. = A good idea if you go.

    You must pay your taxes. = 100% necessary.

    She can speak 10 languages. = ability.

    May I leave? = permission.


    Whenever you have any questions, just post them here. Many

    teachers and non-teachers (such as I) are waiting for your

    questions.

  2. Newbie
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    #3

    Re: help needed

    you a star. thank you very much. right, now I have to read this and understand. I just wanted to thank you first. the celta lessons are going too fats for me and I really need to slow down and learn FORM and TARGET LANGUAGE DESCRIPTION at a much slower rate. I geuss I am jsut not as fast as others so I really appreciate 'peer' learning. thanks

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    #4

    Re: help needed

    Ok Thank you.
    so with your kind help. It is invaluable. sorry this not 'peer learning' you are quite obviously a great teacher.I have I analysed the below underlined correctly

    1/ so, my mother is starting art classes in the summer .

    subject + auxiliary+ present progressive ?

    or is this different because my mother has a definite time and arrangement to start something ?

    2/ I wish I had brought my pen.

    subject + verb subject + auxiliary + past participle ?

    3/ my dog is always chewing my shoes

    subject + auxiliary + adverb +present progressive ?

    4/ I have never created an artwork but I have used a paintbrush


    created ; past simple. I have used; subject auxiliary =past participle



    Thank you for any input whatsoever, plus do you know how and where I could learn all of this as well. It is really difficult for me. Kindest Regards Micheal

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    #5

    Re: help needed

    Quote Originally Posted by micheal View Post
    Ok Thank you.
    so with your kind help. It is invaluable. sorry this not 'peer learning' you are quite obviously a great teacher.I have I analysed the below underlined correctly

    1/ so, my mother is starting art classes in the summer .

    subject + auxiliary+ present progressive ?

    or is this different because my mother has a definite time and arrangement to start something ?

    2/ I wish I had brought my pen.

    subject + verb subject + auxiliary + past participle ?

    3/ my dog is always chewing my shoes

    subject + auxiliary + adverb +present progressive ?

    4/ I have never created an artwork but I have used a paintbrush


    created ; past simple. I have used; subject auxiliary =past participle



    Thank you for any input whatsoever, plus do you know how and where I could learn all of this as well. It is really difficult for me. Kindest Regards Micheal


    NOT A TEACHER


    (1) Congratulations!!! You have answered your questions first, and then

    you have asked that someone check your answers. That is what this

    website likes its members to do.

    (2) When you get time, please start a new thread with three more

    sentences. Give your answers. Then ask that someone check them.

    I PROMISE that I will not answer your new thread: I want one of the

    excellent teachers to give you the absolutely correct answers.

    (3) If any teacher answers this thread and has a different answer from

    mine, you must accept the teacher's answer as the correct one.

    (4) Your answers seem very good. I would just like to make a few points:

    (a) My mother is starting art class in the summer.

    My mother = subject.
    is starting = present progressive. (YES, as you said: "is" = auxiliary; "starting" = present participle.)
    art class = object.
    in the summer = prepositional phrase modifying (belonging to) "is starting."

    You did a nice job with (a)!!!

    (b) I wish (that) I had brought my pen.

    I = subject.
    wish = verb.
    that I had brought my pen. = noun clause.
    (that = conjunction/expletive; I = subject; had = auxiliary; brought= past participle.)
    my pen = object.

    Again, you are 100% correct: "brought" is a past participle.

    (c) My dog is always chewing my shoes.

    Your analysis is great!!! I would just make a little change:

    My dog = subject.
    is = auxiliary.
    always = adverb.
    chewing = present participle.
    my shoes = object.

    As you can see, the only change that I made in your excellent

    analysis is to label "chewing" a present participle. Kindly remember

    that if a teacher asks "What is the present progressive?" she/he expects

    you to answer:

    The present progressive is am/is/are + a present participle (-ing word).


    (d) I have never created an artwork, but I have used a paintbrush.

    (i) This is more difficult because teachers call this a compound sentence.

    That is, there are two sentences connected with the word "but."

    (ii) You accidently labeled "created" the past tense. In your mind,

    delete (erase) the adverb "never." Now you get "I have created ...."

    Now it is clear that "created" is a past participle. (have/has/had +

    past participle: I have eaten; she has studied; we had traveled.)

    (iii) Yes, you are 100% correct: "have" = auxiliary; "used" = past

    participle.

    (5) You are a very hardworking student, and I know that you are

    going to do very well in English class. You can always come here, and

    the excellent teachers will check your work.


    Respectfully yours,


    James

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    #6

    Smile Re: help needed thanks James

    Thank you James. absoluet gold dust. I will do as you suggest, thank you so much for your time an effort. Kindest and Best Regards and speak soo I hope ! am off to class..... til later Micheal

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