Student or Learner
As an initial gesture, we are proud to provide you with two world class scientific journals that will provide you with the latest and up-to-date information that will boost your existing knowledge bank
Please explain when to use up-to-date or up to date
I need to know reneral rule
(Matching Mole, answering the same question here: http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=559153)The general rule is to hyphenate when it is an adjective preceding the noun:
"I have up-to-date information"
and not to hyphenate when it is after:
"My anti-virus is up to date"
"The last time this was up to date was in 2001."
There is much inconsistency about hyphenating compound words, so you will see many variations.
[more up–to–date; most up–to–date]
1 : including the latest information
▪ up-to-date [=current] maps
2 : based on or using the newest information, methods, etc.
▪ up-to-date styles ▪ up-to-date [=modern] methods
Last edited by sunsunmoon; 24-May-2011 at 09:24.
NOT A TEACHER
(1) I agree that many Americans would prefer hyphens when this
expression comes before the noun.
(2) Furthermore, my dictionaries tell me that "up-to-date" means
"the latest." So it might be helpful to remove "the latest" from your
sentence. You do not want to say "...the latest and the latest
(3) Even further, there are many (most?) Americans who would
feel more comfortable with "world-class," when used in front of a noun.
As an initial gesture, we are pleased to provide you with
two world-class scientific journals that will provide you with
the latest information to boost your knowledge bank.
NOTES: It might be a good idea to drop "up-to-date," and stay
with the more formal word "latest"; it is not necessary to use the
word "existing," for it is obvious that you referring to the reader's
existing one. In modern American English, the rule seems to be:
Drop all unnecessary words. Make your sentences short, clear, and