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  1. wotcha's Avatar
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    #1

    They had to hunt or gather all their food themselves.

    1. They had to hunt or gather all their food themselves.

    2. They had to hunt or gather all their food by themselves.

    3. They had to hunt or gather all their food for themselves.

    Do they all make sense? If they are, how are they different in meaning?

  2. BobK's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: They had to hunt or gather all their food themselves.

    The first and third are roughly equivalent, although the 'for' seems to me to put the focus on the result (having food) rather than the activity. But the 'by theselves' version is contrasting with an implicit accompanied practice: 'Usually, the boys used to hunt [and gather - unlikely, given traditional sexual politics ] with their father, but while he was away they had to hunt by themselves.

    b

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