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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    Using pronoun

    Hi, I am troubled with using pronouns at the start of a next sentence.

    Eg 1: John owns a blue car. He drives that car to work everyday.

    Eg 2: The fall in consumer expenditure caused the aggregate demand to fall. This results in a fall in economic growth.

    I know that the use of pronoun in example 1 is correct. but i am not sure if the usage of the pronoun in example 2 is correct or not as there seems to be ambiguity. The pronoun "this" seems to be referring to the previous whole sentence which i am not sure if it is allowed in proper English. Can someone please enlighten me? Thank you!

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    #2

    Re: Using pronoun

    I see. Thank you very much!

  3. Raymott's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Using pronoun

    Quote Originally Posted by englishnerd View Post
    I see. Thank you very much!
    You do see? Then in a passage like this:
    "A long career in heavyweight boxing leads to many serious concussions. This can cause early onset Parkinson's Disease."
    Isn't this ambiguous? Can many serious concussions cause early onset Parkinson's Disease? Or does it have to be from a long career in heavyweight boxing?

    "A causes B. This leads to D." Can B lead to D without A, or only when A causes B?

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    #4

    Re: Using pronoun

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    You do see? Then in a passage like this:
    "A long career in heavyweight boxing leads to many serious concussions. This can cause early onset Parkinson's Disease."
    Isn't this ambiguous? Can many serious concussions cause early onset Parkinson's Disease? Or does it have to be from a long career in heavyweight boxing?

    "A causes B. This leads to D." Can B lead to D without A, or only when A causes B?
    I think "this" refers to the whole sentence before! For example: Is "a long career in heavyweight boxing leads to many serious concussions" always true? A long career in heavyweight boxing can only cause early onset Parkinson's Disease when it leads to many serious concussions. If the first clause is always true, I think "this" can refer to both the whole sentence before and the "long career in heavyweight boxing" but "many serious concussions" (why can "this" refer to plural?).
    Thank you so much!

  4. Newbie
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    #5

    Re: Using pronoun

    Thank you very much. You set me thinking.
    If you were to ask me whether the usage of the pronoun: this in your passage is acceptable or not, I would think no. This is because the pronoun is ambiguous.

    However, I am not sure if I am right.

    I am in a state of confusion now. :(

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