1. Apparently, life was very hard for the Pilgrims in the New World.
2. Apparently, life in the New World was very hard for the Pilgrims.
3. Apparently, life was very hard in the New World for the Pilgrims.
All are acceptable, though with slightly different meanings. I have put what was hard in bold, underlined who it was hard for, and italicised where it was hard. Note two possible readings of #1.
Student or Learner