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    #1

    understood / understand

    Sharp losses are to be expected and even considered normal by those who have studied and understand/understood the long history of stock markets.

    Are both understood and understand correct in contexts like this?

    Thank you in advance.

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    #2

    Re: understood / understand

    Quote Originally Posted by joham View Post
    Sharp losses are to be expected and even considered normal by those who have studied and understand/understood the long history of stock markets.

    Are both understood and understand correct in contexts like this?

    Thank you in advance.
    NOT A TEACHER.

    Yes, they're both correct, but I prefer "understand."

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    #3

    Re: understood / understand

    Quote Originally Posted by Allen165 View Post
    NOT A TEACHER.

    Yes, they're both correct, but I prefer "understand."
    Any reasons for your preference?

  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: understood / understand

    Quote Originally Posted by joham View Post
    Sharp losses are to be expected and even considered normal by those who have studied and understand/understood the long history of stock markets.

    Are both understood and understand correct in contexts like this?

    Thank you in advance.
    I would use understand. The studying took place in the past but the person still (now) understands the stock market.

    I have studied and understand Spanish.
    He has studied and understands physics.

    I think "I have studied and understood Spanish" sounds as if I understood it in the past but perhaps I no longer understand.

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    #5

    Re: understood / understand

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    I would use understand. The studying took place in the past but the person still (now) understands the stock market.

    I have studied and understand Spanish.
    He has studied and understands physics.

    I think "I have studied and understood Spanish" sounds as if I understood it in the past but perhaps I no longer understand.
    Thank you for your explanation.
    However, could I say I studied Spanish sometime in the past, thereby from then on up to now(have understood) I understand Spanish?

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: understood / understand

    Quote Originally Posted by albertino View Post
    Thank you for your explanation.
    However, could I say I studied Spanish sometime in the past, thereby from then on up to now(have understood) I understand Spanish?
    You could say "I studied Spanish five years ago and have understood everything that has been said to me in Spanish since I completed my studies." That's a very wordy example but still correct.

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    #7

    Re: understood / understand

    Thank you again.

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