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    #1

    to+verb infinitive

    Hello friends,

    I have a question for you.After the preposition "to" if a verb comes that verb will be in infinitive.

    But here are some examples I want to show you that don't obey to this rule.

    1)Navajo code talkers were very skilled and were essential to winning WW2.

    2)Confine your efforts to finishing the book

    3)Let me see what to looking for

    In these sentences the verb get -ing after "to".Why is that so?Shouldn't it be an infinitive verb?

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    #2

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    In 1) and 2) the -ing form is correct. These structures require nouns after "to", so we use the gerund -- a verb form that works like a noun.

    I don't recognize the grammatical structure of 3). Perhaps someone else does.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    Quote Originally Posted by birdeen's call View Post
    In 1) and 2) the -ing form is correct. These structures require nouns after "to", so we use the gerund -- a verb form that works like a noun.

    I don't recognize the grammatical structure of 3). Perhaps someone else does.
    #3 is incorrect.

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    #4

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    I don't understand why 1 and 2 is correct? Can you expalin it with examples please?

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    #5

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    You gave two examples yourself.

    Some verbs are followed by a bare infinitive: I can see her.

    Some verbs are followed by a to-infinitive: I want to see her.

    Some verbs are followed by a gerund: I enjoy seeing her.

    Some verbs are followed by a preposition and a gerund:

    I count on seeing her.
    I soon got over seeing her for the last time
    I look forward
    to seeing her.

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    #6

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    What I don't understand is that the verb "win" can come in infinitive after the preposition "to".
    Navajo code talkers were very skilled and were essential to winning WW2.

    Navajo code talkers were very skilled and were essential to win WW2.

    What is the difference between the two?

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    #7

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    I find the second one incorrect. Perhaps others will disagree.

    Take a look at the following sentences.

    The revelation of such information could jeopardize sensitive investigations essential to the nation's security[...]
    (Freedom under Thatcher: civil liberties in modern Britain. Gearty, C A and Ewing, K D)

    The oil has seeped into areas that are essential to underwater life[...]
    Associated Press

    [...]the vigor of government is essential to the security of liberty[...]
    The Federalist, on the new Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay

    As you see, the pattern is

    subject + be + essential to + noun phrase.

    A gerund may constitute a noun phrase. A bare infinitive cannot.

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    #8

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    Quote Originally Posted by birdeen's call View Post
    I find the second one incorrect. Perhaps others will disagree.
    We can say, "(For us) to win the war, it is/was essential to use Navajo code talkers.

    Although I am not happy with "Navajo code talkers were very skilled and were essential to win WW2", I think it is possible.

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    #9

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    [QUOTE=egerol1;760881]Hello friends,



    3)Let me see what to looking for


    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello, Egerol:


    (1) Your third sentence really interests me.

    (a) I like to analyze sentences of that kind.

    (2) All the great posters have done a super job in explaining the use

    of the gerund.

    (3) They all agree that No. 3 is not acceptable.

    (4) It should be:

    "Let me see what to look for."

    (a) Why? Well, I think (only "think") that maybe it is a shorter way

    to say:

    (You) let me see what [I/we need] to look for.

    (i) In this sentence, I think that "what" = "that which."

    (ii) So the sentence is:

    You let me see that (which we need to look for).

    In other words:

    You let me see that (we need to look for which). OF COURSE,

    you may NOT say that last sentence. It is only for

    analysis (it shows that "which" is the object of the preposition

    "for").


    Sincerely,


    James

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    #10

    Re: to+verb infinitive

    Quote Originally Posted by egerol1 View Post
    I have a question for you.After the preposition "to" if a verb comes that verb will be in infinitive.
    An infinitive doesn't come after a preposition. It comes after the particle 'to'. After a preposition comes a noun or a gerund.

    I used to get up early. (to - particle)
    I'm used to getting up early. (to- preposition)

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