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    #1

    More questions about a comma.

    I have still a problem to make out the difference between the essential and non-essential elements in a sentence and using a comma.
    Here are a few examples which I am not sure if I have written them correctly.

    The writer who has been fighting against the regime has been arrested.
    The village, which lay abandoned for years, was now completely destroyed.
    The house whose owner had died had to be sold on auction.

    Because there was nobody around to help him, the solder had to limp for hours.
    There was a terrible drought, because the rain did not fall for months.

  1. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: More questions about a comma.

    All are good except the last. I think you could argue for or against the comma there, but I would leave it out.

    The first and third who tells you which of several writers and several houses you mean, so it contains essential information and they don't get a comma.

    The second gives additional, non-essential information about the village.

    The last two are not about essential or non-essential, but dependent and independent clauses -- when the dependent goes first, it is followed by a comma.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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    #3

    Re: More questions about a comma.

    Barb_D
    Thank you for your explanation.

  2. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: More questions about a comma.

    Did the part about dependent and independent clauses make sense?
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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    #5

    Re: More questions about a comma.

    Hello Barb,
    The part about dependent and independent did make sense. Actually, my problem is the difference between nonessential and essential elements. Although I have read about the grammatical rule, I still hesitate when I see such part of a sentence and I do not know if I should insert a comma or leave it without.
    Probably I should write more such sentences as an exercise until I learn the use of a comma properly.

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