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PLUS - PRO FOOTBALL -- CINCINNATI - PLUS - PRO FOOTBALL -- CINCINNATI - Bengals' Mack Draws Jail Term - NYTimes.com
"Mack was arrested in October after police found him passed out at the wheel of his car on Interstate 75 near downtown."
Shouldn't there be a "having" before "passed out", since "passed out" is in a passive function position in the sentence, but "pass out" is an intransitive verb phrase?
Last edited by ShirleyLing; 07-Jul-2011 at 22:36. Reason: some correction
In this context, passed out is an adjectival phrase meaning unconscious.
I understand the ability to make particle forms by attaching "ed" to an TRANSITIVE verb/verb-phrase. But "pass out", in the sense of "lose consciousness" is INTRANSITIVE. So, a person couldn't simply "pass out" another person. A person would "pass out" on his own.
While most past participles used adjectivally are have a passive sense, the past participles of a few intransitive verbs do not:
They found him slumped over the wheel.
He waited, crouched behind the desk.
The escaped prisoner hid for three weeks in the cellar.
She looked dowdy in her faded clothes.
So that means that the following could be correct:
"He was slumped over the wheel."They found him slumped over the wheel.
"He was crouched behind the desk."He waited, crouched behind the desk.
"The prisoner was escaped for three weeks."The escaped prisoner hid for three weeks in the cellar.
"Her clothes was faded."She looked dowdy in her faded clothes.