Student or Learner
i dont know phonetics language.please help me
First of all, you have to choose one language to learn, either American English or British English, otherwise you will get confused. There're tiny little difference between them.
In my humble opinion, I think IPA is not that prefect for learning English, it's not quite clear and effective.
But surely it's better than something like "I would say /mi‛ly‛n/ or some people said /milii‛n/"?This can only be understood if everyone knows what /i/ means, and which of the three sounds in /milii‛n/ you mean by each instance of /i/.
Using IPA - /mɪlijən/ – there are three different symbols for the three different sounds, all of which you’ve transcribed as /i/.
Yes, IPA is not perfect. What's your suggested alternative?
I think you might learn a thing or two after going through these websites.
Sounds of English
Phonetics: The sounds of American English
Pronouncing English - Basic English, Lesson 7
Feel free to ask any question if you still have problem pronouncing each sound. Regards!
These two don't help with phonetic symbols.
Here are the standard symbols used for phonemes in British English:
Consonants (Unvoiced consonants underlined)
/p/: pat, hoping, stop; happy, shepherd
/b/: bat, tribal rub; robbed, cupboard
/m/: mat, timing, sum, lamb, summer, column
/f/: fine, lifer, reef; coffer,laugh, often, elephant
/v/: vine, savings, spiv; of, skivvy, Stephen,
/θ/: thick, author, mouth (noun)
/ð/:they, withinmouth (verb)
/t/: ten, later, not; patter, ptomaine, night, subtle, stopped, two, Thomas, worked
/d/: dot, rider, nod; bladder, red
/n/: not, finer, ten; banner, knight, reign, pneumonia, Wednesday
/s/: sit, basin, gas; massive, cede, science, psychology, listen, answer, waltz (some speakers)
/z/: zone, hazy, fez; buzz, rose, xylophone, crescent, dessert
/ʧ/: chin, perching, larch; hatch, nature, cello
/ʤ/: gin, judge, strange, sandwich,gradual, exaggerate,
/ʃ/: shout, washing, dish, machine, passion, delicious, caution, sugar, conscience, schedule (some speakers)
/ʒ/: genre, rouging, beige; measure, seizure
/k/: kit, baker, took; cot, succour, back, pique, character, saccharine racquet
/g/: got, begin, sag; bigger, ghost, league, guest
/ŋ/: sing, hanger, sink
/h/: has, behind, who
/r/: read, horror, write, rhyme, catarrhal
/l/: lead, solo, pool; poll, island
/i:/: me, bead, key, see, deceive, people, quay, encyclopaedia, foetus, police, relieve, soliloquy, Yves
/I/: bid, Greenwich, hymn, luggage, mountain, pretty, wanted, women, sieve, busy. foreign,
/ʊ/: look, put, woman Worcester
/u:/: booed, boot, through, true, truth, whose, route, new, lieu manoeuvre
/e/: bed, said, head, any, leisure, leopard, friend
/ə/: about, the, teacher*, ration, Russia, photography, cemetery, thorough, bureaucrat, , station, patient pigeon, gorgeous, gynaecology. forget failure, status, tortoise, famous,
/ɜ:/: bird, burred, turn, herd, heard, myrtle, myrrh, worse, masseuse connoisseur, journalist oeuvre,
/ɔ:/: bored, board, broad, thought, law, awe, caught, fall, warm, George
/æ/: bad, plaid
/ʌ/: bud, rough, money, flourish, flood, does
/ɑ:/: bard, barred, father, aunt, heart, clerk, catarrh, palm reservoir
/ɒ/: bod, cough, want, because, knowledge, sausage, geography
/Iə/: beard, leer, fierce, weird, here, Liam, idea
/ʊə/: (Many speakers do not utter this, using /ɔ:/ instead, especially in such words as those underlined):obscure, tour, sure, moor
/eə/: bare, there, air, wear, where aeroplane
/eI/: bayed, say, make, weigh, main, vein, break, gauge, ballet, they, gaol /ɔI/: buoyed, buoy, boy, coil, (Schadenfreude)
/aI/: bide, nigh, lie, buy, by, eye, aisle, height, choir
/əʊ/: bode, know, although, oh, groan, beau, gauche, Cockburn: brooch chauffeur
/aʊ/: cow, mound, bough, Faust, cowed.