Student or Learner
Inspired by another thread I was looking for a having been + p. participle structure and have found one:
Due to its important strategic location, Malta has experienced a lot of change, having been ruled by many nations including the Greeks, French, Romans, Spanish and British.
OK, it is clearly a passive structure. Also the meaning for me is clear.
It comes closest to the present perfect structure, but there is that -ing...
Is it the present perfect passive with integrated gerund?
Thanks for your aid in advance!
We have part of HAVE (the present participle) used with a past participle to form a present perfect construction, combined with part of BE (the past participle) used with a past participle to form a passive construction.