Results 1 to 2 of 2
  1. Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Twi
      • Home Country:
      • Bhutan
      • Current Location:
      • Tuvalu

    • Join Date: Jun 2011
    • Posts: 124

    Having been ruled...

    Hi forum!

    Inspired by another thread I was looking for a having been + p. participle structure and have found one:

    Due to its important strategic location, Malta has experienced a lot of change, having been ruled by many nations including the Greeks, French, Romans, Spanish and British.

    OK, it is clearly a passive structure. Also the meaning for me is clear.
    It comes closest to the present perfect structure, but there is that -ing...

    Is it the present perfect passive with integrated gerund?

    Thanks for your aid in advance!

  2. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134

    Re: Having been ruled...

    We have part of HAVE (the present participle) used with a past participle to form a present perfect construction, combined with part of BE (the past participle) used with a past participle to form a passive construction.

Similar Threads

  1. ruled
    By jctgf in forum Pronunciation and Phonetics
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 09-Sep-2008, 02:12


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts