Student or Learner
Here is a sentence from my reading of the article from the economist and why the author uses "became" not "becoming" after "before"?
"But “fake pressure” before became “real pressure” during the downturn."
"Became" was used because the writer was talking about the past.
Originally Posted by idiotmike
"Fake pressure" was what was occurring "before the downturn". "Real pressure" was what was occurring "during the downturn".
Instead of saying "before the downturn", the writer simply used "before". The sentence would be broken down like this:
But / fake pressure before / became real pressure during / the downturn.
Retired English Teacher
You could rephrase it:
“Fake pressure” before the downturn became “real pressure” during it."