Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 18
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 254
    #1

    Grammar Help

    Dear all

    In the below mentioned underlined sentence, would you please tell me the meaning of first line of defence and the meaning of what could end up . What type of clauses are these. What is the function of what here in - what could end up.

    Thanks
    Rajan

    As the first line of defence against female foeticide, sex determination tests on pregnant women have been illegal in India for years. But in what could end up as a major policy shift, the Planning Commission is proposing relaxing the ban for rural areas as part of programme of "adopting" female foetuses and generously incentivising families and health workers to ensure the safe delivery of girl babies.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #2

    Re: Grammar Help

    rajan, please give more helpful titles. This thread is more about the 'meaning of" first line of defence"?' or 'function of what?'

    'What' can function as a combined noun and relative pronoun. In your sentence, it is both the object of the preposition 'in' and the subject of the clause "what could end up as a major policy shift".

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 254
    #3

    Re: Grammar Help - Meaning of First line of defence

    would you please tell me the meaning of first line of defence.

    Still could not understand the meaning of "what could end up"

    Thanks

    Quote Originally Posted by fivejedjon View Post
    'What' can function as a combined noun and relative pronoun. In your sentence, it is both the object of the preposition 'in' and the subject of the clause "what could end up as a major policy shift".

  2. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #4

    Re: Grammar Help

    As an initial preventative measure against female foeticide, sex ..... . But, in doing something that could result in a major shift, ...

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 254
    #5

    Re: Grammar Help

    Thanks Sir

    Quote Originally Posted by fivejedjon View Post
    rajan, please give more helpful titles. This thread is more about the 'meaning of" first line of defence"?' or 'function of what?'

    'What' can function as a combined noun and relative pronoun. In your sentence, it is both the object of the preposition 'in' and the subject of the clause "what could end up as a major policy shift".

  3. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #6

    Re: Grammar Help

    You are welcome.

    I have suggested before, more than once, that you do not [QUOTE] posts unless your need the quote in your post. Excessive quoting leads to unnecessary scrolling down.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 254
    #7

    Re: Grammar Help

    i thought you were particularly talking about lengthy posts. Anyway whatever your suggestions are will be respectully implemented.

    [QUOTE=fivejedjon;808922]You are welcome.

    I have suggested before, more than once, that you do not
    posts unless your need the quote in your post. Excessive quoting leads to unnecessary scrolling down.
    Last edited by rajan; 08-Oct-2011 at 14:36.

  4. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #8

    Re: Grammar Help

    And I was assuming common sense.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Oct 2005
    • Posts: 254
    #9

    Re: Grammar Help



    Quote Originally Posted by fivejedjon View Post
    And I was assuming common sense.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Dec 2009
    • Posts: 6,332
    #10

    Re: Grammar Help

    [QUOTE=rajan;808859]

    What type of clauses are these.


    NOT A TEACHER


    (1) As usual, you have asked an excellent question.

    (2) As usual, Teacher Fivejedjon has given us an excellent answer.

    (3) May I just add some comments that may interest you?

    (4) As the first line against this practice, these tests have been illegal for years.

    (a) I do not believe that the words in bold qualify as a "clause."

    (b) As you know, a clause must contain a verb. There is no verb there.

    (c) I believe that grammar books prefer to call those words an appositive.

    (d) An appositive, as you know, is a word or some words that rename a person or

    thing: Mr. Fivejedjon, the teacher, taught English in China. (We call "the teacher" an

    appositive because it renames Mr. Fivejedjon.)

    (e) Sometimes an appositive is more complicated. Here is one from Professor

    Curme's book:

    As a first step, I secured my vast property.

    The main idea is that "I secured my vast property." We then say that "As a first step"

    is in apposition with "I secured my vast property" because "first step" renames

    "securing my property." For example, you could use two sentences: I took the first

    step. That first step was to secure my property. (But it is more elegant to write it as

    an appositive, don't you think?)

    (f) If we wanted to, we could write two sentences: There is a first line of defense. This

    first line of defense is the fact that these tests have been illegal for years. (But the

    sentence with the appositive is more elegant, don't you think?)

Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. Descriptive grammar and standard english grammar
    By guzhao67 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 01-Apr-2010, 07:14
  2. Replies: 8
    Last Post: 01-Sep-2009, 19:24
  3. Grammar Websites and Grammar Chats
    By Grammar Needs Improving in forum Teaching English
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 16-Apr-2009, 19:32
  4. [Grammar] contemporary grammar, communicative grammar
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 03-Jul-2008, 10:54
  5. Prescriptive grammar and Descriptive grammar
    By zoobinshid in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: 08-Sep-2005, 13:25

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •