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    #1

    run : past participle ?

    What kind of verb is the word "run" in the sentence "It's a shame cities aren't run like this." ? I think it's a past participle, but correct me if I'm wrong.

  1. Alamshar's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: run : past participle ?

    "run" in this context means "manage". It refers to the management of the city but I'm guessing you know the meaning already
    It is not the past participle. It is the passive form. There is no need to mention the "doer" of the action because it is already understood OR it is not important.

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    #3

    Re: run : past participle ?

    Quote Originally Posted by Alamshar View Post
    It is not the past participle. It is the passive form.
    It is the past participle (or 'third form' as I prefer to call it). This is the form that is used, with an appropriate form of BE, for the passive.

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    #4

    Re: run : past participle ?

    Quote Originally Posted by birgit33 View Post
    What kind of verb is the word "run" in the sentence "It's a shame cities aren't run like this." ? I think it's a past participle, but correct me if I'm wrong.

    NOT A TEACHER

    (1) Active: The authorities do not run cities like this.

    (2) Passive: Cities are not run like this (by the authorities).

    (3) It is a shame (that) cities are not run like this. = It (that cities are not run like this) is a shame.

    (a) I believe that "cities are not run like this" is a noun clause in apposition with "it."

    (b) If you said, "It is a shame," your listener, of course, would ask: What is a shame?

    You would reply, "Oh, that cities are not run like this [is a shame]."

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    #5

    Re: run : past participle ?

    Quote Originally Posted by Alamshar View Post
    It is not the past participle. It is the passive form.


    The passive is formed with the verb be (or get) + past participle, so how is run not the past participle?

    Your answer is wrong. Please do not answer questions incorrectly. The passive form here is aren't run and run is a past participle.

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