* Not a teacher
It is a vast subject, but Wikipedia has an excellent article on this topic, you can check it out here:
Shall and will - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Then, if you have a specific question, just ask.
Interested in Language
When do you use shall and will?
You can also search the forums for "shall * will." You'll find many threads. You'll also learn that for simple declarative sentences, "shall" is rarely used these days.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.
NOT A TEACHER
(1) Mr. Henry Fowler was an English gentleman who wrote books on "good"
English. He said that nobody could use "shall" properly unless s/he was
born into an upper-class British family!
(2) Here in the United States, it is now used by ordinary people like me mostly
Shall we dance?
It's very cold. Shall I turn on the heater?
(3) It's occasionally used in other situations:
(a) Let's go, shall we? (You cannot say "will we?")
(b) Violations shall be punished by fines or imprisonment. (official government statements)
(4) Here is what one well-educated British journalist (who was very prominent before World War II) once said: "I think I should die if I ceased writing." Probably most people (at least here in the States) would say would.
The Grammar Book by Mesdames Celce-Murcia and Larsen-Freeman.
Modern American Usage by Wilson Follett.
Last edited by TheParser; 18-Dec-2011 at 14:28.