Student or Learner
There's lots of be-to verbs like the following, and even though only one example represent one meaning, as context always influences the meaning, the meanings can vary. It's really hard to infer the meaning from one of so many possibilities such as (promise, command, intention, etc), so do you have any secret or is context the only solution?
And when you perceive be-to verbs, do you perceive them as descriptive phrase to describe the subject or a noun form such as (My plan is to go to UK)?
1.We are to eat out tonight - promise, schedule
2.You are to finish this by seven - command, order
3.Please make an appointment first if you are to see him - intention, conditional
4.Not a sound was to be heard - possibility
5.He was never to see his wife again - destiny
6.She is to blame for the accident - passive voice
My plan is to go to the UK.
(N.B. note the article!)
describes it, as in
This was a day to be remembered.
or simply asserts an act or condition relating to it, as in
I am to see him tomorrow.
Thus, the three uses of the infinitive exemplified above would be classified respectively, on the basis of sense, as nominal, adjectival and verbal.
My key question was how to select one the so many meaning of "be to verbs", it seems just context as with other cases. And I also wonder why this noun-like forms came to be used as verbs and its origin and the purpose....it's really hard to understand from the Korean perspective....
We don't perceive it (not 'them') as either of these. Indeed, unless we are consciously studying it, we don't 'perceive' it as anything at all. If we are studying BE to, then we probably think of it as a quasi auxiliary verb.And when you perceive be-to verbs, do you perceive them as descriptive phrase to describe the subject or a noun form such as (My plan is to go to UK)?It may have a passive meaning, but the form/voice active.I thought "to blame" is a short form for "to be blamed", NO so form-wise it may be active voice, but meaning-wise, it may be passive voice.I cannot see how BE to can be 'noun-like' It's a verb followed by a to-infinitive (also a verb). And I also wonder why
thisthese noun-like forms came to be used as verbs and its origin and the purpose.You'll probably never fully understand any part of English grammr if you look at it from a Korean perspective. The two languages are completely different....it's really hard to understand from the Korean perspective.