Student or Learner
1. I shall have finished cooking before Tom arrives home.
2. I will finish cooking before Tom arrives home.
3. I shall finish cooking before Tom arrives home
I want to practise writing sentences with future perfect tense.
a. Is the above sentence number 1. correct?
b. What are the differences between number 1 and 2 ?
c. What are the differences between number 3 and 2 ?
"In America, will has replaced shall in all but a few cases. If you use shall in the British way during normal conversation, you might end up sounding pretentious or haughty .The most common two places you’ll see shall in America are in legal documents and in lofty prose." But in my own experience, I use and have heard the use of "shall" for first person (I, we) questions as in, "Shall I meet you for lunch?"
The use of "shall" has been put perfectly in the last post. I would rarely use it in the negative or in a statement but I would use it for constructions like "Shall we have lunch?", "Shall I meet you at 2.30?" However, my use in those sentences isn't to suggest "will" in the normal future tense, but would mean something closer to "Do you think it would be a good idea for us to have lunch?" or "How about we meet at 2.30?"
When I shared a flat with an Irish girl, she used "will" where I used "shall" and I found it very unnatural.
Last edited by emsr2d2; 20-Jan-2012 at 17:35.
Will would be perfectly acceptable in Hiberno English in the following context.When I shared a flat with an Irish girl, she used "will" where I used "shall" and I found it very unnatural.
e.g. "Will we have lunch tomorrow?"
I've rarely heard Irish-English speakers use "shall" to make offers/suggestions.
Last edited by Barb_D; 20-Jan-2012 at 18:00. Reason: formatting fix
Last edited by bhaisahab; 21-Jan-2012 at 07:45.
You are so right!!
Hiberno-English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
p.s. Check under other influences.
Last edited by shannico; 20-Jan-2012 at 20:58. Reason: p.s. added
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.