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    #1

    about hyphen

    I know the rule that adjective phrase, preposition phrase, and infinitive phrase modify a noun from the behind,but sometimes they modify a noun from the front as stated below, using hyphen.
    [adjective phrase]
    a rule easy to remember
    an easy-to-remember rule
    [preposition phrase]
    the book on the table
    the on-the-table book
    his manner in your face
    his in-your-face manner
    [infinitive phrase]
    a high-level group soon to be appointed
    a soon-to-be-appointed high-level group
    Please tell me what is the difference between them(a rule easy to remember and an easy-to-remember rule / the book on the table and the on-the-table book /
    a high-level group soon to be appointed and a soon-to-be-appointed high-level group).

  1. BobK's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: about hyphen

    Quote Originally Posted by Yoshihiro_1 View Post
    I know the rule that adjective phrase, preposition phrase, and infinitive phrase modify a noun from the behind,but sometimes they modify a noun from the front as stated below, using hyphen.
    [adjective phrase]
    a rule that is easy to remember (Just about acceptable without 'that is')
    an easy-to-remember rule OK, but most people would say 'an easily-remembered rule'


    [preposition phrase]
    the book that is on the table (but OK without the 'that is' in many contexts)
    the on-the-table book , but occasionally used in special cases (like 'over-the-counter medicines' - which you can buy at a chemist/pharmacy without a doctor's prescription) - not as a general rule that you can apply wherever you like


    his manner in your face
    his in-your-face manner

    [infinitive phrase]
    a high-level group soon to be appointed
    a soon-to-be-appointed high-level group

    Please tell me what is the difference between them(a rule easy to remember and an easy-to-remember rule / the book on the table and the on-the-table book /
    a high-level group soon to be appointed and a soon-to-be-appointed high-level group).
    I know of no rule, but 'the on-the-table book' sounds very odd. Don't coin such usages at will. A good dictionary, under the preposition, should list the possible phrases, such as 'in-service benefits' (under 'in'), 'off-the-record comments (under 'off', and probably also listed as an idiomatic expression), 'at-risk persons' (under 'at' and with 'at-risk' probably also listed as an idiomatic expression...etc

    b

    PS The key is context. Read as much as you can. Don't expect to become a competent user of the language just by consciously learning and applying rules.
    Last edited by BobK; 04-Feb-2012 at 17:20. Reason: Added PS

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    #3

    Re: about hyphen

    [QUOTE=Yoshihiro_1;852171]

    CAUTION: NOT A TEACHER


    I thought of your thread when I read this sentence this morning in a business magazine:

    The almost-70-person company has raised a total of $21 million and became

    cash-flow positive in 2010.

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