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    #1

    The rule for adding another letter

    It has been so long since my ESL class days. Help me refresh my memory.

    For example,

    Control -> Controlling
    Patrol -> Patrolling
    Cancel -> Cancellation

    However,

    Bail -> bailing

    Q1. Was a rule for adding the extra L? If so, what was it called and why?


    Begin -> Beginning
    Spin -> Spinning
    Spinning

    Q2. We add another N to words that end with N. What was the rule called? and I believe it was because the word was short in length?

    Thanks in advance.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: The rule for adding another letter

    Verbs ending in a single consonant letter (except w, x , -c and -l ) following a single vowel letter in a stressed syllable double that final consonant before adding the ing: robbing, knitting, referring but revealing, rowing, boxing.
    Verbs ending in c add -k rather than doubling the c: picnicking, panicking.
    In BrE, word-final l is always doubled after a short vowel sound, even in unstressed syllables: repelling, levelling, travelling, cancelling

    from http://www.gramorak.com/Articles/VerbForms.pdf

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    #3

    Re: The rule for adding another letter

    Thanks!

    Just one thing, it seems there is only one version for repelling, meaning no repeling (with one L).

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: The rule for adding another letter

    Quote Originally Posted by vcolts View Post
    Just one thing, it seems there is only one version for repelling, meaning no repeling (with one L).
    That fits with the BrE rules. I don't know about AmE

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