Student or Learner
Can a's "with" be replaced with "by"? And b's "through" by "by or with"?
I think "with" is mostly for tools, "by" for "actions or vehicles" and "through" is vague.
Prepositions for means or method like "by, with, through" don't seem to have clear distinctions.
a)Write your answer with(by?) a black pen, not with(by?) a red one.
b)Distance learning through(by? with?) the Internet is becoming more popular.
Could you tell me the reason in detail?
You seem to say "with" and "through" are interchangeable in terms of means.So can you use either with or through but not by for "You can connect to the internet with(through) this cell phone"?
Is it because "by" is usually used as a doer like in passive tenses? So black pen can't be a doer?
Not a teacher
I understand why you are trying to use 'by'( It's specially for mother tongue) . But 'pen' can not be a 'doer'. The writer is the the 'doer' and he writes with the pen.
Last edited by sumon.; 28-Feb-2012 at 14:03.
You try to find (at least you seem doing that) an explanation for everything. I am sorry to disappoint you, but you will not find an explanation for everything neither in English nor in other languages. It merely is that way. Your posts show me that you have a very good command of English, so why do you bother making English an indefinite set of rules?
*I'm not suggesting anything personal here.