***** NOT A TEACHER *****
(1) May I make a very gentle suggestion? Maybe you would get faster and more answers if you used one-question posts.
I think that long posts turn off many people/ turn many people off. ( = discourage them)
(a) People are often turned off by long posts.
(2) You have asked some great questions, and I am sure that many of my fellow members would also like to know the
answers. Hopefully, some people will soon answer you.
(3) I can only offer something that I found in one book. The scholar said both ways are possible:
(a) "Insufficient attention was paid to dictionary compilation."
(b) "Dictionary compilation was paid insufficient attention to."
He did not give the active sentence, which I guess was something like: Scholars paid insufficient attention to dictionary compilation.
(4) This scholar also claims that the direct objects of these verbs are "part of the idiom":
pay attention to
make a mess of
keep an eye on
get hold of
I guess he means that we should consider "attention" as being part of an idiom. That is, the direct object is -- in his words --"cohesive with the verb." That is, very closely tied to the verb. So I guess the direct object of "pay attention to" is very different from, for example, "pay money to someone."
He adds that these examples are "not completely fixed." That is, you can also say "give much more attention to" or
"pay insufficient attention to."
Source: The Oxford English Grammar (1996) by Professor Sidney Greenbaum. Page 284.
Student or Learner