[Not a teacher]Dear Teachers,
I am often confused with the use of certain verbs. Which one is correct 1 or 2 (option 2 is what I have heard people say)?
1. The mirror is reflecting the light. This means the mirror is physically reflecting the light. The balance sheet reflects the losses. This means the balance sheet is giving an indication of the losses.
2. The light is reflecting (or should it be 'The light is being reflected') It should be in the passive voice. Light itself does not reflect, an object that light hits does and such an object is not specified here, therefore the agent is not known, so it has to be passive. The loss is reflected.
That is correct.
1. The e-card is being loaded. This would only make sense if it were being loaded (lifted) onto something.
2. The e-card is loading. (It means the e-card is lifting /putting something (loading) on the deck) E-cards don't lift things onto decks – this sentence means it's loading as in starting up. But I'm pretty sure e-cards don't do that either.
1. The flag is flickering in the air. This is correct
2. The air is flickering the flag "To flicker" is an intransitive verb, it takes no object, therefore you can't say that something flickers something else, it just doesn't work. And I don't know what I'd say instead, I'd just use the first sentence.
In which type of verbs do we use being ?
Using "being" and a past participle is how you form the present passive continuous/progressive. Only transitive verbs can be put in the passive voice, the passive voice being an inversion of agent (subject) and patient (object). You can say "I was told" but not *"I was slept".