God I think Im brain dead. Is being a verb or a gerund. As in the sentence
Is he being sarcastic?
1. Is he being sarcastic?
The "being" is part of the present progressive tense of the verb "to be". The present progressive is formed by adding the present participle to the appropriate present tense of the verb "to be". Cf.
I am being witty.
You are being ironic.
He is being sarcastic.
In addition, if the phrase "being sarcastic" were functioning as a gerund (a.k.a. a noun) in that structure, it would rename the subject "he", like this,
Q: Is he a taxi driver?
A: Yes. He is a taxi driver. (He = a taxi driver)
Q: Is he being sarcastic?
A: Yes. He is being sacastic. (?He = being sarcastic) semantically odd
Here are two examples where "being sarcastic" modifies the subject in different ways:
EX: This article is about being sarcastic. (gerund phrase)
=> This article = about being sarcastic.
EX: ?This article is being sarcastic. (participial phrase)
=> ?This article = being sarcastic. (Can inanimate objects be sarcastic?)
Correction: The author who wrote this article is being sarcastic.