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      • Native Language:
      • Arabic
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      • Somalia
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      • UK

    • Join Date: May 2012
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    #1

    Smile Help in Auxiliary and lexical verbs

    Hello,

    Ok I don't know how to start this but I have just recently started paying attention to English grammar and I am not a native speaker, which is making the whole thing even harder for me. Anyhow I have started with Auxiliary and lexical verbs and I am really struggling with distinguishing between the two in some context. I know one is used to help a sentence and the other is main verbs. I think I do get it, but when it comes to doing exercise questions I feel totally blank.

    An example;

    Are they still here ? I thought are here should be auxiliary because it doesn't make any meaning by itself and has only a grammatical meaning, but it is not!

    So if anyone could help with a good and not much complicated reference that I could use, I would really appreciate it.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
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      • England
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      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #2

    Re: Help in Auxiliary and lexical verbs

    BE, HAVE and DO can operate both as lexical and as auxiliary verbs:

    He
    was happy.
    He
    was working.
    He
    was beaten.
    He
    was being good.

    I
    have three sisters.
    I
    have read that book.
    I h
    ave had some problems.

    I
    do my homework every day.
    I
    don't like you.
    Did you do your homework yesterday?

    The modals,
    can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will and would, function only as auxiliaries.

    NEED can function as a lexical and as an auxiliary verb:

    I need a new computer.
    I need to see the doctor.
    I needn't go in tomorrow,



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