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    Smile Help in Auxiliary and lexical verbs


    Ok I don't know how to start this but I have just recently started paying attention to English grammar and I am not a native speaker, which is making the whole thing even harder for me. Anyhow I have started with Auxiliary and lexical verbs and I am really struggling with distinguishing between the two in some context. I know one is used to help a sentence and the other is main verbs. I think I do get it, but when it comes to doing exercise questions I feel totally blank.

    An example;

    Are they still here ? I thought are here should be auxiliary because it doesn't make any meaning by itself and has only a grammatical meaning, but it is not!

    So if anyone could help with a good and not much complicated reference that I could use, I would really appreciate it.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
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    Re: Help in Auxiliary and lexical verbs

    BE, HAVE and DO can operate both as lexical and as auxiliary verbs:

    was happy.
    was working.
    was beaten.
    was being good.

    have three sisters.
    have read that book.
    I h
    ave had some problems.

    do my homework every day.
    don't like you.
    Did you do your homework yesterday?

    The modals,
    can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will and would, function only as auxiliaries.

    NEED can function as a lexical and as an auxiliary verb:

    I need a new computer.
    I need to see the doctor.
    I needn't go in tomorrow,

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