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    #1

    Have been or had been

    Microsoft has launched the most complete preview yet of its forthcoming Windows 8 operating system.
    The company said that tens of thousands of improvements have been made to what it calls the most important redesign of its interface since Windows 95.
    It is expected to go on sale in the autumn, three years after Windows 7.
    The new operating system is designed to bring Windows into the touchscreen, smartphone era.
    It adopts the Metro interface of the company's mobile operating system, Windows Phone 7.
    Windows, which still dominates the desktop PC software market, has been much slower to make an impact on mobile phones and tablet computers.
    The release preview has features not available in the last version, the consumer preview, launched in February.
    The company said that tens of thousands of improvements have been made to what it calls the most important redesign of its interface since Windows 95.


    I don’t know why it is correct to write ‘have been’ in the above.
    It should be ‘had been’ because of the words ‘ The company said that ...



    The new operating system is designed to bring Windows into the touchscreen, smartphone era.
    The new operating system is designed to bring Windows into the touchscreen. [ This is correct.]
    When you add the words ‘smartphone era’, it is hard to understand.

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    #2

    Re: Have been or had been

    It has brought Windows into a new era. Which new era? The era of the touchscreen and the smartphone.

    It would be better written as "
    The new operating system is designed to bring Windows into the touchscreen and smartphone era." or "touchscreen/smartphone era."



  2. Member
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    #3

    Re: Have been or had been

    Thank you very much for the answer.
    You have not answer the following question.

    I don’t know why it is correct to write ‘have been’ in the above.
    It should be ‘had been’ because of the words ‘ The company said that ...

  3. nouamaneer's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Have been or had been

    I feel like the reporting verb should have been in the present simple so that that passive sentence gets the transformation suggested in the current example.

    That's a guess.

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