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  1. trueheart_205's Avatar
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    #1

    "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Which sentence is more natural?
    "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".
    "Not until I had graduated in 2000, did I get married".
    Or they have the same meaning?
    Thanks.

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Quote Originally Posted by trueheart_205 View Post
    Which sentence is more natural?
    "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".
    "Not until I had graduated in 2000, did I get married".
    Or they have the same meaning?
    Thanks.
    Only your second sentence is correct. I would remove the comma.

  3. trueheart_205's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Thanks for your kind response.
    So, Are there any rules about inversion construction?

  4. 5jj's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Yes. If you begin a clause with a negative or near-negative expression, inversion is normally required:

    Never had I seen such a spectacular view.
    Not a sound was heard, ...
    Little does he know I've discovered ...
    Hardly had we arrived ...

  5. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    Yes. If you begin a clause with a negative or near-negative expression, inversion is normally required:

    Not a sound was heard, ...
    Hi, 5jj.
    Could you elaborate on this one?
    The following sentence is inverted, you mean?

  6. 5jj's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Quote Originally Posted by tzfujimino View Post
    Hi, 5jj.
    Could you elaborate on this one?
    The following sentence is inverted, you mean?
    No. Look back at my examples. The inversion is within the clause.

    Perhaps you are thinking of trueheart's original "Not until I had graduated in 2000, did I get married". Here, the negative expression is 'not until time', time being '2000'/'my graduation in 2000'/(after) I had graduated'. Compare this with "Not until 2000 did I graduate".

    I had never seen such a spectacular view ... - Never had I seen such a spectacular view.
    He little knows I've discovered ... - Little does he know I've discovered ...
    We had hardly arrived ... - Hardly had we arrived ...

    I did not get married until I had graduated in 2000 - Not until I had graduated in 2000 did I get married
    I did not graduate until 2000 - N
    ot until 2000 did I graduate.

  7. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    No. Look back at my examples. The inversion is within the clause.

    Perhaps you are thinking of trueheart's original "Not until I had graduated in 2000, did I get married". Here, the negative expression is 'not until time', time being '2000'/'my graduation in 2000'/(after) I had graduated'. Compare this with "Not until 2000 did I graduate".

    I had never seen such a spectacular view ... - Never had I seen such a spectacular view.
    He little knows I've discovered ... - Little does he know I've discovered ...
    We had hardly arrived ... - Hardly had we arrived ...

    I did not get married until I had graduated in 2000 - Not until I had graduated in 2000 did I get married
    I did not graduate until 2000 - N
    ot until 2000 did I graduate.

    Thank you very much for the detailed explanation.
    However, I wonder if 'Not a sound was heard..' is inverted.
    I do understand 'Not a sound did I hear...' is.
    Do I not understand it correctly?

  8. 5jj's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: "Not until had I graduated in 2000, I got married".

    Quote Originally Posted by tzfujimino View Post
    Thank you very much for the detailed explanation.
    However, I wonder if 'Not a sound was heard..' is inverted.
    I do understand 'Not a sound did I hear...' is.
    Do I not understand it correctly?
    You are correct. Silly mistake on my part. Sorry.

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